CAMEL
   The home of the one-hump camel (dromedary) was most likely the Arabian peninsula, from where there are indications for its domestication as early as the fourth millennium B.C. Depictions of camels from the Oman peninsula date to approximately 3000 B.C. The two-hump Bactrian camel came from the steppes of Central Asia. Both kinds are mentioned in Old Babylonian cuneiform texts. In at least one of them the dromedary occurs as a domesticated animal, but it is not before the middle of the second millennium B.C. that there is evidence for the widespread use of domesticated camels (dromedaries) for transportation and warfare. Especially for the stock-breeding nomads of the Syrian-Arabian steppe, camels meant greater mobility and independence from traditional pasture areas. In the overland trade, camels opened new caravan routes through territories that had been impassable before due to the lack of water. The oases along these routes—Palmyra, Djuma Djandal, Teima, al-Ula— became important trading places and military posts. Military expeditions such as Nabonidus’s conquest of Teima depended heavily on the use of camels. Therefore, they were important items among the booty and tribute from the Arabian Peninsula. Wall reliefs from Nineveh show Assyrian troops pursuing Arab fighters mounted on dromedaries. Bactrian camels being presented to the Assyrian monarch are depicted on the famous Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III (see WARFARE).

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

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  • CAMEL — (Heb. גָּמָל, gamal), one of the first animals domesticated by man. Its bones have been found in Egypt from the time of the beginning of the First Dynasty, thus removing doubts as to the plausibility of Abraham receiving camels from Pharaoh (Gen …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • camel — cam el (k[acrf]m [e^]l), n. [Oe. camel, chamel, OF. camel, chamel, F. chameau L. camelus, fr. Gr. ka mhlos; of Semitic origin; cf. Heb. g[=a]m[=a]l, Ar. jamal. Cf. As. camel, fr. L. camelus.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) A large ruminant used in Asia and Africa …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Camel — (englisch für Kamel) ist: der Name einer britischen Rock Band, siehe Camel (Band) der Name einer US amerikanischen Zigarettenmarke, siehe Camel (Zigarettenmarke) der Spitzname eines Flugzeugs aus dem ersten Weltkrieg, siehe Sopwith F.1 Camel… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Camel — Camel: Camelus  верблюды Camel (сигареты) Camel (рок группа) Camel (альбом)  их первый одноимённый альбом Customised Applications for Mobile networks Enhanced Logic Кэмел трофи CamelCase Sopwith Camel CAMEL(S) Система рейтинга банков… …   Википедия

  • CAMEL — CAMEL, или полностью Customised Applications for Mobile networks Enhanced Logic (ETSI TS 123 078) набор стандартов, реализующих интеллектуальные услуги в GSM и UMTS сетях. Основное отличие от INAP, который по сути предназначен для тех же… …   Википедия

  • camel — [kam′əl] n. [ME < OE or OFr < L camelus < Gr kamēlos < Heb or Phoen gāmāl; ult. < ? Bab] 1. either of two species of large, domesticated ruminants (genus Camelus) with a humped back, long neck, and large, cushioned feet: capable of …   English World dictionary

  • Camel — Le nom est surtout porté dans l Ariège. Il devrait y désigner celui qui est originaire de Camel, hameau à Esplas de Sérou (09), écrit Camelle sur la carte de Cassini. Le toponyme n a rien à voir avec le chameau (occitan camel ). Il peut… …   Noms de famille

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  • camel — ► NOUN ▪ a large, long necked mammal of arid country, with long slender legs, broad cushioned feet, and either one or two humps on the back. ORIGIN Greek kam los, from Semitic …   English terms dictionary

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