(reigned 522–486 B.C.)
   Achaemenid king. Darius seems to have acceded to the throne in mysterious circumstances and had to repress internal dissent and quell rebellions in the Persian provinces. The rock inscription in a cliff face at Behistun recording his eventual triumph was written in Old Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian. It proved an invaluable source for the decipherment of cuneiform.
   Darius much enlarged the territories of the empire toward the east. In the west, he faced revolts by the Ionian cities in Asia Minor and was beaten by the Greeks at Marathon. He also built a new capital at Persepolis, as well as palaces at Susa.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Darius I — [his tasp′əsdə rī′əs] 550? 486? B.C.; king of Persia (522 486): called the Great: also Darius Hystaspes [his tasp′əs] …   English World dictionary

  • Darius I. — Dareios I. (Griechische Vasenmalerei) Dareios I. (persisch ‏داریوش‎, [dɔːriˈuːʃ], altpersisch Darayavahuš, babylonisch Dariamuš, elamisch Dariyamauiš, aramäisch Dr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Darius I — King of Persia 521 486 BC.     The conflict over the succession and *Cambyses death brought Darius I to the Achaemenid throne; during his long reign, he devoted much time and energy to the organisation of his great empire.     He appears to have… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Darius I — /deuh ruy euhs/, (Darius Hystaspes) ( the Great ) 558? 486? B.C., king of Persia 521 486. * * * known as Darius the Great born 550 died 486 BC King of Persia (522–486 BC). He was the son of Hystaspes, satrap of Parthia. Much of what is known of… …   Universalium

  • Darius I — (reigned 522 486 b.c.)    One of the greatest monarchs of the Achaemenid Persian Empire and the first Persian king to attack mainland Greece. Dariusbelongedtoadifferentbranchof the Achaemenid line than Cyrus II and Cambyses, the first two rulers… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Darius I — /dəˈraɪəs/ (say duh ruyuhs) noun (Darius Hystaspis, Darius the Great ), 550?–486? BC, king of Persia 521–486 BC …   Australian English dictionary

  • Darius I — Da•ri•us I [[t]dəˈraɪ əs[/t]] n. anh big (Darius Hystaspes) (“the Great”), 558?–486? b.c., king of Persia 521–486 …   From formal English to slang

  • Darius I — noun king of Persia who expanded the Persian Empire and invaded Greece but was defeated at the battle of Marathon (550 486 BC) • Syn: ↑Darius the Great • Instance Hypernyms: ↑king, ↑male monarch, ↑Rex …   Useful english dictionary

  • DARIUS I —    eldest son of Hystaspes, king of the Persians; subdued subject places that had revolted, reorganised the empire, carried his conquests as far as India, subdued Thrace and Macedonia, declared war against the Athenians; in 492 B.C. sent an… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Darius I — (521 486 BC) king of Persia …   English contemporary dictionary

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