ENLIL
(akkadian ELLIL)
   Sumerian god, one of the most important Mesopotamian deities since the early third millennium B.C. His name is usually taken to mean “Lord (of the) Air/Wind” and denotes that his domain was the earth, above that of the “below” (Abzu) ruled by Enki. Enlil controlled the weather and hence the fertility of the land by wind and rain. As such, he has characteristics of the weather gods that feature so prominently in those regions where agriculture depended on annual rainfall. In Sumer, Enlil also played a more political role, as the “leader of the gods” who presides over the “divine assembly.” It was he who conferred legitimate kingship on a city and its ruler; this was known as ellilutu, “Ellil-ship,” since the Old Babylonian period. His main temple was the Ekur at Nippur, one of the most important sanctuaries in Mesopotamia. In the myths he is described as the one “who controls the fate” and who is in possession of “Tablets of Destiny”; the seducer of the young goddess Ninlil, who became his wife; and the god whose repose is continually disturbed by humankind’s clamor. In the flood myths, it is always Enlil who decides to eradicate all human beings.
   In Babylonia, he came to be eclipsed by Marduk, who assumed most of Ellil’s prerogatives and powers.
   See also RELIGION.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

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  • Enlil — (EN = Lord + LIL = Loft, Lord of the Open or Lord of the Wind ) [ Halloran, John A.; Sumerian Lexicon: Version 3.0 ; December 10th, 2006 at http://sumerian.org/sumerlex.htm ] was the name of a chief deity listed and written about in ancient… …   Wikipedia

  • Enlil — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda En la mitología de Mesopotamia, Enlil es el dios del cielo, del viento y las tempestades. Fue adorado por sumerios, acadios, babilonios, cananeos, y asirios. Se han propuesto dos órigenes para el nombre Enlil. Según… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Enlil — (auch En Lil, El Lil, Ellil; Beiname Nunamnir) ist der Hauptgott der sumerischen und auch der akkadischen, babylonischen und assyrischen Religion und Vorbild und Bestandteil anderer Gottheiten diverser altorientalischer Völker. Der Name En Lil… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ENLIL — Un des trois dieux, avec Anu et Éa, de la triade suprême suméro akkadienne. Son nom, le «Seigneur souffle» en sumérien, indique quel est son empire: la terre ferme. Dans la théologie classique, il vient immédiatement après Anu, le dieu du ciel,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Enlil — Reproduction d un sceau représentant le dieu Enlil et sa femme, la déesse Ninlil Enlil, Li ou Ellil en akkadien, est l un des dieux principaux de la religion de Sumer et d Akkad. En sumérien, son nom est expliqué comme en líl, ce qui signifie… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Enlil —    In Mesopotamian mythology, the god who ruled Earth s domain, lorded over most of the other gods, and bestowed kingship on human beings. From Sumerian times on, Enlil (called Ellil by the Assyrians and the Babylonians), was one of the chief… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Enlil — /en lil/, n. the king of the Sumerian gods and the god of the air. * * * ▪ Mesopotamian god       Mesopotamian god of the atmosphere and a member of the triad of gods completed by Anu (Sumerian: An) and Ea (Enki). Enlil meant Lord Wind: both the… …   Universalium

  • Enlil — En la mitología sumeria, Enlil es el dios del cielo y las tempestades. Separó el cielo de la tierra y junto con Anu y Ea formaba la trinidad suprema del panteón sumerio. Hijo de Ki y An, Enlil era la divinidad patrona de la ciudad de Nippur y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Enlil — noun chief deity listed and written about in ancient Sumerian, Akkadian, Hittite, Canaanite and other Mesopotamian clay and stone tablets; the god of breath, wind, loft, and breadth …   Wiktionary

  • Enlil — Ẹnlil   [»Herr des Sturmes«], sumerischer Gott mit Tempel in Nippur, ursprünglich wohl Sturmgott, Beherrscher des Raumes zwischen Himmel und Erde und schließlich der Erde selbst. Aus dem erschlagenen Chaosungeheuer erschuf er nach babylonischem… …   Universal-Lexikon

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