ERIDU
(modern ABU SHAHREIN)
   South Mesopotamian city, regarded by Sumerian scribes as the oldest city in the world, where “kingship came first from heaven.” The kings of Eridu, according to the Sumerian King List, all enjoyed phenomenally lengthy reigns; the first, Alulima, for 28,800 years, the second for 36,000 years. In historical times, Eridu was never the seat of a dynasty. Its importance was religious rather than political, as the site of the main sanctuary of Enki. Numerous Mesopotamian kings contributed to the buildings at the site, which reached its greatest size during the time of the Third Dynasty of Ur. It became deserted in the 18th century B.C. The cult of Enki continued to be maintained at other shrines, notably at nearby Ur. The archaeological excavations by the Iraqi Department of Antiquities in the 1940s revealed a long sequence of buildings, one above the other, which began in the Ubaid period, around 4900 B.C. There are altogether 18 building levels of what came to be known as the Eunir, the temple of Enki.
   See also KURIGALZU I.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

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  • Eridu — (URUNUN.KI cuneiform| #x12263;cuneiform| #x121A0;; Sumerian:eridug; Akkadian: ? ), from the Sumerian for mighty place , is modern Tell Abu Shahrain, Iraq. Eridu was the earliest city in southern Mesopotamia, founded c 5400 BCE. Located Seven… …   Wikipedia

  • Eridu — Tell Abu Shahrain Localisation Pays  Irak …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ERIDU — Tell Abu Shahrein, l’ancienne Eridu, se trouve à quelque 15 kilomètres au sud de la célèbre cité d’Ur, en Mésopotamie méridionale. Le site fut surtout exploré de 1947 à 1949 par le Service des antiquités iraquien (F. Safar, M. A. Mustapha et S.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Eridu — …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eridu — Eridu,   nach der keilschriftlichen Überlieferung Sumers die älteste Stadt Babyloniens, in Südmesopotamien, ursprünglich an einer Lagune des Persischen Golfes gelegen; der heute landeinwärts befindliche Ruinenhügel Tẹll Abu Schahrein, Südirak,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Eridu — fue una antigua ciudad 11 kilómetros dirección suroeste de Ur. Eridu fue la más meridional del conglomerado de ciudades que creció alrededor de los templos, casi a vista de otra, en Sumeria, al sur de Mesopotamia. Fue fundada probablemente cerca… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eridu — Situación de las ciudades de la antigua Mesopotamia. La más meridional de todas ellas es Eridu. Eridu Coordenadas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eridu —    A very ancient Sumerian city located about 14 miles (22 km) southwest of Ur and a few miles west of the ancient coastline of the Persian Gulf, which has since that time receded more than 100 miles (161 km) to the southeast. The Sumerian… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Eridu — /er i dooh /, n. an ancient Sumerian and Babylonian city near the Euphrates in S Iraq: center for the worship of Ea; partially excavated. * * * Ancient Sumerian city on the Persian Gulf. Although it was the chief seaport of Sumer and Babylonia… …   Universalium

  • Eridu — noun An ancient Sumerian city in what is now Tell Abu Shahrain, in Iraq …   Wiktionary

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