GOLD


GOLD
   In Mesopotamia, gold ornaments first appeared in the Ubaid period sites (fifth millennium B.C.). Like all metals, it had to be brought into the country from far afield, such as eastern Anatolia, part of a loose network of exchange for high-status luxury commodities. It was usually alloyed with silver in varying proportions. In the Early Dynastic period, the wealthy city-states of Mesopotamia could command a wide range of such articles, and gold plays a prominent part in the funerary gifts discovered at the “royal tombs” at Ur. Gold objects include not just rings and other items of jewelry but cups, plates, ceremonial daggers, and wig-like headdresses. The metal had been hammered in thin sheets before being shaped and cut.
   Workers of the “shining silver” (KU.BABBAR in Sumerian) were distinguished from other craftsmen working in metal. Their services were also needed for the fashioning of cult statues, which could be covered with gold foil. In the mid-second millennium, Egyptian gold came to be imported, initially as a high-level exchange between the pharaoh and the Babyloniankings, in return for richly worked textiles, inlaid furniture, and war chariots (see AMARNA CORRESPONDENCE). For a while gold was so plentiful that it replaced silver as the standard of exchange. Excavations at Nimrud in 2002 brought to light the fabulous gold jewelry of Assyrian queens that had been deposited in the royal tombs from the eighth century B.C., including an anklet weighing more than two pounds (see FUNERARY AND BURIAL PRACTICES).

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gold — (et) …   Kölsch Dialekt Lexikon

  • Gold —  Gold …   Hochdeutsch - Plautdietsch Wörterbuch

  • Gold — (g[=o]ld), n. [AS. gold; akin to D. goud, OS. & G. gold, Icel. gull, Sw. & Dan. guld, Goth. gul[thorn], Russ. & OSlav. zlato; prob. akin to E. yellow. [root]49, 234. See {Yellow}, and cf. {Gild}, v. t.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Chem.) A metallic… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • GOLD — steht allgemein für: Gold (Au), ein Edelmetall und chemisches Element Gold (Farbe), einen warmer Gelbton Gold, ein heraldisches Metall Goldene Schallplatte, einen Musikpreis In der Kunst steht Gold für: einen Film von Karl Hartl aus dem Jahr 1934 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gold — (Aurum), nächst Eisen und Aluminium das am weitesten verbreitete, meist aber in geringer Menge vorkommende Metall. 1) Vorkommen (mineralogisch und geologisch). G. findet sich meist gediegen und dann fast immer legiert mit Silber, auch mit Eisen,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gold [2] — Gold Au (Atomgew. 197, spez. Gew. 19,3) ist ein gelbes, stark glänzendes, sehr zähes, höchst dehnbares Metall (das dehnbarste aller Metalle). Aeußerst dünne Goldblättchen sehen im durchfallenden Lichte blau bis grünlich aus. Wegen der geringen… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • gold — gold; gold·berg·ian; gold·en·ness; gold·en·pert; gold·i·locks; gold·ish; gold·ite; gold·less; gold·schmidt·ine; gold·schmidt·ite; gold·schmidt s; gold·sin·ny; gold·smith; gold·smith·ery; gold·smith·ing; gold·spink; gold·wyn·ism; man·gold;… …   English syllables

  • Gold — puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Música 2 Apellidos 2.1 Autores de nombres científicos 3 Televisión …   Wikipedia Español

  • gold — [gəʊld ǁ goʊld] noun [uncountable] 1. a valuable soft metal used to make jewellery, coins etc, and formerly used in a system in which the value of the standard unit of a currency is equal to a fixed weight of gold of a particular quality: • On… …   Financial and business terms

  • gold — [gōld] n. [ME < OE, akin to Ger gold, ON goll < IE base * ĝhel , to shine, gleam > GLOW, YELLOW] 1. a heavy, yellow, inert, metallic chemical element that is highly ductile and malleable: it is a precious metal and is used in the… …   English World dictionary

  • gold — Symbol: Au Atomic number: 79 Atomic weight: 196.96655 Gold is gold colored. It is the most malleable and ductile metal known. There is only one stable isotope of gold, and five radioisotopes of gold, Au 195 being the most stable with a half life… …   Elements of periodic system


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