INANNA
   The foremost Sumeriangoddess, patron deity of Uruk. Her name was written with a sign (mus) that represents a reed stalk tied into a loop at the top. This appears in the very earliest written texts from the mid-fourth millennium B.C. She is also mentioned in all the early god lists among the four main deities, along with Anu, Enki, and Enlil (see LEXICAL LISTS). In the royal inscriptions of the Early Dynastic period, Inanna is often invoked as the special protectress of kings. Also, Sargon of Akkadclaimed her support in battle and politics. It appears that it was during the third millennium that the goddess acquired martial aspects that may derive from a syncretism with the Semitic deity Ishtar. Inanna’s main sanctuary was the Eanna (“House of Heaven”) at Uruk, although she had templesor chapels in most cities.
   During the time of the Third Dynasty of Ur, Inanna’s ritual marriageto the king was much celebrated in poetry. In the context of the Ur royal ideology, Inanna does not appear as the “Lady of the Battle” as in Akkadian inscriptions but as the “Lady of Voluptuousness.” The king is said to be “worthy of her holy loins.” Her lover in many songs is the “Shepherd” Dumuzi, and the king of Ur identified himself with this role. Inanna was the subject of a great number of literary compositions, hymns, songs, and prayers. Many of these depict Inanna as the embodiment of sexual drive and allure in all its ambiguities; she could “turn men into women,” and in her entourage appear transsexuals and transvestites. She was the patron of prostitutes and was said to haunt the taverns in search of male partners. Without her, life cannot continue; one myth recounts that when she was kept captive in the underworld, all copulation (and hence reproduction) came to a sudden end. Although it was Inanna’s sister Ereshkigal who ruled over the underworld, Inanna, too, had destructive and dangerous qualities. She doomed her lover Dumuzi to be her substitute in the underworld and tricked the normally wise god Enki into relinquishing many of his divine powers. Inanna as the “Queen of Heaven” was associated with the planet Venus.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Inanna — (auch Ninanna, Niniana, Ninsianna, Inana, Innin, Ninegal; sumerisch , dIN.AN.NA)[1] war eine der großen sumerischen Göttinnen. Als Epitheton trug sie unter anderem die Bezeichnung „Falke der Götter“ (sur2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Inanna — This is Inanna on the Ishtar Vase in the French museum Louvre. Queen of Heaven Goddess of Love, War, Fertility and Lust Abode …   Wikipedia

  • Inanna — Ishtar Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ishtar (homonymie). Cette déesse, appelée Inanna chez les Sumériens, Ishtar chez les Assyriens et Babyloniens, Isis chez les Égyptiens, Ashtoreth en Palestine, Astarté ou Athtart à Ougarit, Shaushka ou… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Inanna — Representación de Ishtar/Ianna en el Museo Británico. El matrimonio …   Wikipedia Español

  • Inanna —    A leading Sumerian goddess and the most popular deity in all of ancient Mesopotamia. inanna (also ishtar or Astarte) was known as the goddess of love and sexual passion, but she was also associated with war and was seen as a protector of kings …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Inanna — En la mitología sumeria Inanna (también conocida como Innin) era la diosa protectora de la ciudad de Uruk (Erech). Divinidad del amor y de la guerra, era la diosa de la naturaleza y de la fecundidad, en la línea de la tradición de diosas madres… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Inanna — I·nan·na (ĭ näʹnä) n. Mythology The chief Sumerian goddess, associated with fertility, the natural world, and war, and later equated with the Babylonian Ishtar.   [Sumerian in an ak, lady of the sky : in, variant of nin, lady + an …   Universalium

  • Inanna — noun Sumerian goddess of sexual love, fertility, and warfare. The Akkadians called her Ishtar …   Wiktionary

  • Inanna — n. ancient Sumerian goddess of love fertility and war …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Inanna — noun consort of Dumuzi (Tammuz) • Regions: ↑Sumer • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Semitic deity …   Useful english dictionary

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