Rulers of Mesopotamia
The numbers concern regnal year. Dates for all of the third and much of
the second millennium are provisional. Several dynasties or individual
reigns were contemporary with others.
Mebaragesi c. 2650?
Agga c. 2600?
Mesalim c. 2550?
Meskalamdug c. 2620?
Akalamdug c. 2600?
Enhegal c. 2570
Lugal-saengur c. 2550
Ur-Nanshe c. 2494–2465
Akurgal c. 2464–2455
Eannatum c. 2454–2425
Enannatum I c. 2424–2404
Enmetena c. 2403–c. 2375
Enannatum II c. 2374–c. 2365
Enentarzi c. 2364–c. 2359
Lugalanda c. 2358–2352
Uruinimgina c. 2351–2342
Lugalzagesi c. 2341–2316
AKKADIAN EMPIRE
Sargon c. 2340–2284?
Rimush c. 2284–2276
Manishtusu c. 2275–2261
Naram-Sin c. 2260–c. 2224
Shar-kali-sharri c. 2223–c. 2198
Gutian rule
Uruk (Second Dynasty)
Utuhegal c. 2119–2112
Gudea c. 2141–c. 2122
Third Dynasty of Ur
Ur-Nammu c. 2113–c. 2096
Shulgi c. 2094–2047
Amar-Suen c. 2046–c. 2038
Shu-Sin c. 2037–c. 2027
Ibbi-Sin c. 2026–2004?
Ishbi-Erra c. 2017–c. 1985
Shu-ilishu c. 1984–c. 1975
Iddin-Dagan c. 1974–1954
Ishme-Dagan c. 1953–c. 1935
Lipit-Ishtar c. 1934–c. 1923
Ur-Ninurta c. 1923–c. 1896
Bur-Sin c. 1895–c. 1874
Lipit-Enlil c. 1873–c. 1869
Erra-imitti c. 1868–c. 1861
Enlil-bani c. 1860–c. 1837
Zambiya c. 1836–c. 1834
Iter-pisha c. 1833–c. 1831
Ur-dukuga c. 1830–1828
Sin-magir c. 1827–c. 1817
Damiq-ilishu c. 1816–c. 1794
Dynasty of Larsa
Naplanum c. 2025–c. 2005
Emisum c. 2004–c. 1977
Samium c. 1976–c. 1942
Zabaya c. 1941–c. 1933
Gungunum c. 1932–c. 1906
Abisare c. 1905–c. 1895
Sumuel c. 1894–1866
Nur-Adad c. 1865–1850
Sin-iddinam c. 1849–c. 1843
Sin-eribam c. 1842–c. 1841
Sin-iqisham c. 1840–1836
Silli-Adad c. 1835
Warad-Sin c. 1834–c. 1823
Rim-Sin I c. 1822–1763
Rim-Sin II c. 1741–?
First Dynasty of Babylon
Sumu-abum c. 1894–c. 1881
Sumula’el c. 1880–c. 1845
Sabium c. 1844–1831
Apil-Sin c. 1830–c. 1813
Sin-muballit c. 1812–c. 1793
Hammurabi c. 1792–c. 1750
Samsu-iluna c. 1749–c. 1712
Abi-esuh c. 1711–c. 1684
Ammi-ditana c. 1683–c. 1647
Ammi-saduqa c. 1646–c. 1626
Samsu-ditana c. 1625–c. 1595
Puzur-Ashur I? (Early 20th century)
Shalim-Ahhe c. 1970?
Ilu-shuma c. 1960–c. 1939
Erishum I c. 1939–c. 1900
Ikunum? (Early 19th century)
Sargon I? (Early 19th century)
Puzur-Ashur II? (Mid-19th century)
Naram-Sin (Late 19th century)
Shamshi-Addu I c. 1813–c. 1781
Ishme-Dagan c. 1780–c. 1741
Yaggid-Lim c. 1820–c. 1811
Yahdun-Lim c. 1810–c. 1795
Sumuyaman c. 1794–?
(Shamshi-Adad)
(Yasmah-Adad)
Zimri-Lim c. 1775–1761
MIDDLE BABYLONIAN PERIOD
Gandash c. 1729–?
Agum I (Early 18th century)
Kashtiliash I c. 1660–?
Burnaburiash I c. 1530–1500?
Karaindash c. 1440–c. 1430
Kadashman-Harbe? (Late 15th century?)
Kurigalzu I c. 1430–1380
Kadashman-Enlil I c. 1380–c. 1359
Burnaburiash II c. 1359–c. 1334
Karahardash c. 1333
Nazi-bugash c. 1333
Kurigalzu II c. 1332–c. 1308
Nazi-Maruttash c. 1307–c. 1282
Kadashman-Turgu c. 1281–c. 1264
Kudur-Enlil c. 1254–1225
Tukulti-Ninurta c. 1225
Enlil-nadin-shumi c. 1224
Kadashman-Harbe II c. 1223
Adad-shum(a)-iddina c. 1222–1217
Adad-shum-usur c. 1216–1187
Marduk-apla-iddina I c. 1171–c. 1159
Zababa-shum-iddina c. 1158
Enlil-nadin-ahi c. 1157–1155
Marduk-kabit-ahheshu c. 1155–c. 1141
Itti-Marduk-balatu c. 1140–c. 1133
Ninurta-nadin-shumi c. 1132–c. 1127
Nebuchadrezzar I c. 1126–c. 1105
Enlil-nadin-apli c. 1104–c. 1111
Marduk-nadin-ahhe c. 1100–c. 1083
Adad-apla-iddina c. 1082–c. 1070
Marduk-ahhe-eriba c. 1069–c. 1048
Marduk-zer-x(?) c. 1046–c. 1035
Nabu-shum-libur c. 1034–1027
Second Sealand Dynasty
Simbar-Shipak c. 1026–c. 1010
Ea-mukin-zeri c. 1009
Kashshu-nadin-ahi c. 1008–1006
Eulmash-shakin-shumi c. 1005–c. 989
Ninurta-kudurri-usur I c. 988–c. 987
Shirikti-Shuqamuna c. 986
Elamite ruler
Mar-biti-apla-usur c. 985–c. 980
Ashur-rabi I? (Early 15th century)
Ashur-nadin-ahhe I (Mid-15th century)
Enlil-nasir II c. 1432–c. 1427
Ashur-nirari II c. 1426–c. 1420
Ashur-bel-nisheshu c. 1419–c. 1411
Ashur-rem-nisheshu c. 1410–c. 1403
Ashur-nadin-ahhe c. 1402–c. 1393
Eriba-Adad I c. 1392–c. 1366
Ashur-uballit I c. 1365–c. 1330
Enlil-nirari c. 1329–c. 1320
Arik-den-ili c. 1319–c. 1308
Adad-nirari I c. 1307–c. 1275
Shalmaneser I c. 1274–c. 1245
Tukulti-Ninurta I c. 1244–c. 1208
Ashur-nadin-apli c. 1207–c. 1204
Ashur-nirari III c. 1203–c. 1198
Enlil-kudurri-usur c. 1197–c. 1193
Ninurta-apil-Ekur c. 1192–c. 1180
Ashur-dan I c. 1179–c. 1134
Ninurta-tukulti-Assur c. 1133?
Mutakkil-Nusku c. 1133?
Ashur-resh-ishi c. 1133–c. 1116
Tiglath-pileser I c. 1115–c. 1076
Ashared-apil-Ekur c. 1076–c. 1075
Ashur-bel-kala c. 1074–1057
Eriba-Adad II c. 1056–c. 1055
Shamshi-Adad II c. 1054–c. 1051
Ashurnasirpal I c. 1050–c. 1032
Shalmaneser II c. 1031–c. 1020
Ashur-nirari IV c. 1019–c. 1014
Ashur-rabi II c. 1013–c. 973
Ashur-resh-ishi c. 972–c. 968
Tiglath-pileser II c. 967–c. 934
NEO-BABYLONIAN PERIOD
Dynasty of E
Nabu-mukin-apli c. 979–c. 945
Ninurta-kudurri-usur c. 944
Mar-bit-ahhe-iddina c. 943–c. 906
Shamash-mudammiq c. 905–c. 896
Nabu-shuma-ukin c. 895–c. 871
Nabu-apla-iddina c. 870–c. 855
Marduk-zakir-shumi c. 854–c. 819
Marduk-balassu-iqbi c. 818–c. 813
Baba-aha-iddina c. 812–?
six unknown kings
Marduk-bel-zeri?
Marduk-apla-usur?
Eriba-Marduk c. 770–c. 761
Nabu-shuma-ishkun c. 760–c. 748
Nabu-nasir 747–734
Nabu-nadin-zeri 733
Nabu-shuma-ukin II 732
Nabu-mukin-zeri 731–729
(Tiglath-pileser) 728–727
(Shalmaneser) 726–722
Marduk-apla-iddina 721–710
(Sargon) 709
Succession unclear for several rulers
Shamash-shum-ukin 667–648
Kandalanu 647–627?
Ashur-resh-ishi II c. 972–c. 968
Tiglath-pileser II c. 967–c. 935
Ashur-dan II c. 934–912
Adad-nirari II 911–891
Tukulti-Ninurta II 890–884
Ashurnasirpal II 883–859
Shalmaneser III 858–824
Shamshi-Adad V 823–811
Adad-nirari III 810–783
Shalmaneser IV 782–773
Ashur-dan III 772–755
Ashur-nirari V 754–745
Tiglath-pileser III 744–727
Shalmaneser V 726–722
Sargon II 721–705
Sennacherib 704–681
Esarhaddon 680–669
Ashurbanipal 668–627?
Ashur-etil-ilani 630?–626?
Sin-shar-ishkun 622?–610
Ashur-uballit III 609
NEO-BABYLONIAN PERIOD
Nabopolassar 626–605
Nebuchadrezzar II 605–562
Amel-Marduk 561–560
Neriglissar 559–557
Labashi-Marduk 556
Nabonidus 555–539
ACHAEMENID PERIOD
Cyrus II c. 559–530
Cambyses II 530–522
Darius I 522–486
Xerxes 486–465
Artaxerxes I 465–424/23
Darius II 423–405
Artaxerxes II 405–359
Artaxerxes III 359–338
Artaxerxes IV 338–336
Darius III 336–330
HELLENISTIC PERIOD
Alexander the Great (reigned in Babylon from 331 to 321)
Antigonus Monophthalmos 321–301
Seleucus I Nicator (reigned in Babylon from 305 to 281
Antiochus I Soter 281–261
Antiochus II 261–246
Seleucus II 246–226
Antiochus III the Great 223–187
Seleucus III Philopator 187–176
Antiochus IV Epiphanes 176–164
Antiochus V Eupator 164–162
Demetrios I Soter 162–150
Antiochus VI Sidetes 164–129
Phraates I (ruled Babylonia from 129 to 127)
Artabanus c. 127–123
Mithridates II the Great c. 123–88
Romans occupy Mesopotamia
Phraates III 70–58

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • History of Mesopotamia — Ancient Mesopotamia was settled and conquered by numerous ancient civilizations. Dates for events in ancient Mesopotamia are still controversial, and several different methods and standards of dating exist for the Chronology of the ancient Near… …   Wikipedia

  • AFTER NEBUCHADNEZZAR: THE DECLINE OF MESOPOTAMIA —    The Babylonians were quick to claim the inheritance of their oppressors and became in turn an imperial state that exercised control over much of the Near East right to the Mediterranean shores. Nebuchadnezzar made Babylon into the most… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Mesopotamia, history of — ▪ historical region, Asia Introduction  history of the region in southwestern Asia where the world s earliest civilization developed. The name comes from a Greek word meaning “between rivers,” referring to the land between the Tigris and… …   Universalium

  • MESOPOTAMIA — The original article in the first edition of the Encyclopaedia Judaica traced Mesopotamian history to its earliest beginnings and provided a detailed survey of Mesopotamian literature and institutions. With the availability of such tools as J.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mesopotamia, history of —    The history and cultural legacy of ancient Mesopotamia is central to the history and development of humanity in general, especially Western societies and those of the Middle East, called the Near East when used to describe ancient or medieval… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Mesopotamia, geography of —    The geography of Mesopotamia its topography, natural features and resources, and climate and the geography of the regions surrounding Mesopotamia profoundly shaped the history of that ancient region and the lives of its inhabitants. First,… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Mesopotamia (Roman province) — Map showing the Mesopotamia province Mesopotamia was the name of two distinct Roman provinces, the one a short lived creation of the Roman Emperor Trajan in 116–117 and the other established by Emperor Septimius Severus in ca. 198, which l …   Wikipedia

  • FIRST DYNASTY OF BABYLON — (C. 1894 – C. 1595 B.C.)    A historical period in which the city of Babylon first became the political center of Mesopotamia. The dynasty was founded by Sumu abum, an Amorite; hence, it is also sometimes referred to as the Amorite Dynasty. At… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • HAMMURABI OF BABYLON — (reigned 1792–1750 B.C.)    King of Babylon, the sixth ruler of the Amorite or First Dynasty of Babylon. Initially, Hammurabi controlled only a rather small territory around the city of Babylon, including Kish, Sippar, and Borsippa. He gradually… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • DYNASTY OF E — (C. 979–647 B.C.)    Little known Babylonian dynasty from a time when tribal unrest, famine, and general disorder characterized Mesopotamian history. Most kingsruled only for a few years at the time, and Assyria dominated the political fate of… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”