KASSITES
   A people of unknown origin who entered Mesopotamia from the east, across the Zagros mountains. They spoke a language that is not related to any other known language. It is only poorly known from a few phrases and personal names in cuneiform documents. The Kassites were first mentioned by the Babylonian king Samsiiluna (reigned 1749–1712), and they appear with some frequency as a menace to the rural population in many Old Babylonian royal inscriptions. They penetrated into Mesopotamia and were concentrated in the region around Sippar. Many Kassites remained tribally organized even when they became sedentary. When the Hittite king Mursili I raided Babylon and thus terminated the First Dynasty of Babylon, a Kassite ruling elite achieved power over northern Mesopotamia, which was gradually extended to include the whole country with the victory over the Sealand by Ulam-Buriash in c. 1595 (see KASSITE DYNASTY). When the Kassite Dynasty came to an end in c. 1155, the Kassites continued to live as a distinct group in Mesopotamia. Some occupied important posts in subsequent kingdoms, while the tribal groups in the eastern hills were still feared as a warlike people at the time of Alexander’s conquest.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kassites — peuple asiatique apparu au déb. du IIe millénaire, les maîtres de Babylone de 1530 env. à 1160 av. J. C., quand les élamites les anéantirent …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kassites — Not to be confused with Kaysites. The Babylonian Empire under the Kassites …   Wikipedia

  • Kassites — Babylone, au cours des Kassites, XIIIe siècle av. J.‑C …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kassites —    An ancient Mesopotamian people of unknown origins who entered the region from the east, across the Zagros Mountains, in the early second millennium b.c.    Their native language was unrelated to any other known tongue and is still not well… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Kassite — Kassites Babylone, au cours des Kassites, XIIIe siècle av. J. C …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Касситы —     (Kassites), люди гор Центрального Загроса, которые захватили Вавилон после хеттского рейда 1595 г. до н.э. 400 лет, в течение которых они удерживали город, стали периодом относительной стабилизации, подробности мало изучены. Конец господству… …   Археологический словарь

  • Babylone (royaume) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Babylone (homonymie). Le mušhuššu, dragon serpent, symbole du dieu Marduk de Babylone. Détail de la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Babylone (Royaume) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Babylone (homonymie). Le mušhuššu, dragon serpent, symbole du dieu Mar …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Babylonie — Babylone (royaume) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Babylone (homonymie). Le mušhuššu, dragon serpent, symbole du dieu Mar …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Babylonien (habitant de Babylone) — Babylone (royaume) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Babylone (homonymie). Le mušhuššu, dragon serpent, symbole du dieu Mar …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”