KISH
   City in central Mesopotamia, some 15 kilometers east of Babylon (several sites: Tell Oheimir, El-Khazneh, El-Bender, and Ingharra). One of the oldest cities, it was continually occupied from c. 5000 B.C. to the sixth century A.D. It was first excavated by a French team under Henri de Genouillac (1912), then by the British as the Field Museum–University of Oxford joint project, under Stephen Langdon and Ernest Mackay (1923–1933). No final report has been published, though various other scholars, such as McGuire Gibson and Roger Moorey, revisited the site in the 1970s. According to the Sumerian King List,“kingship came down from heaven again at Kish” after the Great Flood to begin the First Dynasty of Kish. The text lists 23 kings at Kish with very long reigns (a total of 24,510 years). The penultimate ruler, Mebaragesi, is documented by an inscribed vase that bears this name and title. The Second Dynasty of Kish, listed after that of Awan, had eight kings reigning for 360 years. None of these kings are known from written sources that have preserved the names of other kings of Kish who are not mentioned in the Sumerian King List; the most important of those is Mesalim, of whom several inscribed objects survive. During this time, the Early Dynastic period, there were several independent city-states; Kish was one of them, although the title “king of Kish” began to imply sovereignty over all of Sumer and Akkad, and it was borne by Sargon and his successors during the Akkadian period. The Third Dynasty of Kish (c. 2450–2350) was said to have been founded by a woman, the “innkeeper” Kubaba. Again according to the Sumerian King List, she was defeated by the ruler of Akshak. Her son Puzur-Sin regained power and initiated the Fourth Dynasty of Kish, which was brought to an end by Lugalzagesi, who was captured by Sargon. Thereafter, the city was never the seat of kingship again, but it remained an important center of learning, as it had been since the Early Dynastic period. The main archaeological discoveries were Early Dynastic houses and graves from the Early Dynastic period in Ingharra, as well as the terraces of large zigguratsfrom the same period. There were also the remains of a palaceand an administrative building. At Tell Oheimir, the templecomplex of the godZadaba dates from the Old Babylonian period, and in “mound W” a Neo-Assyrian tablet collection from the seventh century was discovered.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • KISH — L’ancienne ville de Kish, située à une vingtaine de kilomètres à l’est de Babylone, est un des grands sites mésopotamiens de la première moitié du KISH IIIe millénaire. À en croire la Liste royale, elle aurait été le siège de la première dynastie …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kish — may refer to:Geography*Kish Island, an Iranian island and a city in the Persian Gulf *Kish (Sumer), an ancient city in Sumer, now in Iraq *Kish Bank, a shallow in the Irish Sea *Kiş, Khojavend, Azerbaijan *Kiş, Shaki, AzerbaijanPeople*Kish… …   Wikipedia

  • Kish — bezeichnet eine iranische Insel und Stadt am persischen Golf Kish (Insel) eine Untiefe und Fischfangregion im irischen Meer, siehe Kish Bank, naheliegend ist der Kish Leuchtturm eine Kohlenstoffabscheidung, wenn flüssiges Eisen zu schnell… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • KISH — (Heb. קִיש), Benjaminite from Gibeah, father of King Saul. He is variously described as the son of Abiel (I Sam. 9:1), Jeiel (I Chron. 9:35), and Ner (I Chron. 8:33; 9:39). In I Chronicles 9:35 Jeiel is the keri for the ketiv Jeuel, the latter… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • kish — kish·en; kish·i·nev; kish·ke; kish; kish·on; …   English syllables

  • kish — /kish/, n. Metall. 1. a mixture of graphite and slag separated from and floating on the surface of molten pig iron or cast iron as it cools. 2. dross on the surface of molten lead. [1805 15; < G Kies gravel, pyrites; akin to OE cisel gravel] * *… …   Universalium

  • Kish — /kish/, n. an ancient Sumerian and Akkadian city: its site is 8 mi. (13 km) east of the site of Babylon in S Iraq. * * * Ancient Mesopotamian city state located east of Babylon in what is now south central Iraq. It lay on the Euphrates River… …   Universalium

  • Kish — Kish, n. [Cf. G. kies gravel, pyrites.] (Min.) A workman s name for the graphite which forms incidentally in iron smelting. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Kish — [kish] ancient Sumerian city on the Euphrates in what is now central Iraq: fl. c. 4000 B.C …   English World dictionary

  • Kish — Kish. См. Первичный графит. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • Kish — Para isla en el golfo Pérsico, véase Kish (isla). Kish y Babilonia durante la dinastía casitas, siglo XIII a. C. Kish (del sumerio Kiš) fue una ciudad situada al norte de la Baja Mesopotamia, en lo que más tarde sería la ti …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”