LARSA
(modern TELL SENKEREH)
   A city in southern Mesopotamia, some 20 kilometers southeast of Uruk. It was first excavated by William K. Loftus in 1854 and then by the French, under Andre Parrot in 1933 and 1967 and in the 1960s by Jean Margueron and by Jean-Louis Huot (1976–1991). The site had a long history of occupation, from the Ubaidperiodin the fifth millennium B.C. to the Parthian period (to A.D. 224).
   The earliest architectural remains belong to a palace built by NurAdad, who reigned c. 1865–1850 B.C. The city remained independent after the disintegration of the Third Dynasty of Ur and vied with Isin for supremacy. The king lists record the names of the kings of Larsa, from Naplanum (reigned 2025–2005) until Rim-Sin (reigned 1822–1763), who was defeated by Hammurabi of Babylon. It was Gungunum (reigned 1932–1906) who had put an end to the supremacy of Isin, campaigned against Elam, conquered Ur, and took on the ancient title “king of Sumer and Akkad.” This marks the apogee of Larsa’s power.
   Gungunum’s successors, Abisare and Sumuel, also built canals to extend and improve agricultural exploitation. Long-distance trade flourished. The reign of the last king, the Amorite Rim-Sin, lasted for 60 years. He put in place an administrative network that was to benefit his rival Hammurabi.
   Larsa was an important religious center, and its main temple, the Ebabbar (“Shining House”), belonged to the sun god Shamash. It stood in the middle of the city and was already in existence during the Early Dynastic periodIII. The temple was then substantially rebuilt by Ur-Nammuaround 2100 B.C. and continued to function well into the Neo-Babylonian period. The temple also had a ziggurat, and the main priestess of the Sun (Akkadian entu) had her own residence, the Giparu, within the sacred precinct. Other temples were dedicated to Ishtar and Gula.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Larsa — Tell Senkereh Localisation Pays  Irak …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Larsa — war ein Stadtstaat im alten Babylonien, etwa 25 km südöstlich von Uruk. Der heutige Name von Larsa ist Tell as Senkereh. In der Bibel wird Larsa im 1. Buch Mose (14:1) als Ellasar unter König Arjoch erwähnt. Geschichte Larsa war eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Larsa — (also Larag or Larak, modern Tell as Senkereh, Iraq, possibly the Biblical Ellasar), was an important city of ancient Sumer. It lies some 25 km southeast of the ruin mounds of Uruk (biblical Erech), near the east bank of the Shatt en Nil canal… …   Wikipedia

  • Larsa — (la bíblica Ellasar Genesis 14:1) fue una ciudad importante en la antigua Mesopotamia. Está situada en Irak en la localidad de Senkereh, y a unos 24 km al sudeste de las ruinas de la ciudad de Uruk. * * * ► Antigua población de la Baja… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Larsa — La ciudad de Larsa en Mesopotamia. Larsa (la bíblica Ellasar Génesis 14:1) fue una ciudad importante en la antigua Mesopotamia. Está situada en Irak en la localidad de Senkereh, a unos 24 km al sudeste de las ruinas de la ciudad de Uruk …   Wikipedia Español

  • Larsa — /lahr seuh/, n. an ancient Sumerian city in southern Iraq: archaeological site. * * * biblical Ellasar Ancient capital of Babylonia, located on the Euphrates River in present day southern Iraq. It was founded in prehistoric times and flourished… …   Universalium

  • Larsa —    An important Sumerian, and later Babylonian, city in southern Mesopotamia, about 12 miles (20 km) southeast of Uruk. Larsa (modern Tell Senkereh), which many scholars believe was the biblical city of Elassar, was continuously occupied from the …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Larsa — Lạrsa,   altmesopotamische Stadt im nordwestlichen Babylonien, heute das Ruinenfeld Senkere, Südirak. Die bis ins 4. Jahrtausend v. Chr. zurückreichende Stadt, in der der Sonnengott Utu verehrt wurde, war bedeutend in altbabylonischer Zeit (1950 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Larsa — /lahr seuh/, n. an ancient Sumerian city in southern Iraq: archaeological site …   Useful english dictionary

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