MEDES
   The Medes were a people of Indo-European origin who migrated into Iran toward the end of the second millennium B.C. By the eighth century, they had consolidated themselves into a kingdom, known as Media, with the capital Ecbatana (modern Hamadan). They became instrumental in the downfall of the NeoAssyrian empire in the late seventh century when they joined Babylon in an anti-Assyrian alliance that resulted in the sack of Nineveh in 612 B.C. They were to take most of the former Assyrian provinces and dependencies in eastern Anatolia and northwest Iran. The Medes were in turn overrun by other Persian groups led by the Achaemenid king Cyrus II around 550 B.C. Although they lost their independence, the Median elite continued to exercise much influence at the new court.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

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  • Medes — Mèdes Histoire de l Iran Civilisation proto élamite (3 200 2 700 av. J. C.) Civilisation de Jiroft (3 000 Ve siècle av. J. C. Royaume élamite (2 70 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MÈDES — L’apparition en Asie antérieure des éléments iraniens qui faisaient partie de la branche occidentale des Irano Aryens introduit une nouvelle et importante page dans l’histoire des grandes puissances du Moyen Orient: l’Assyrie, la Babylonie,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mèdes — Royaume médique Mādai (peo) VIIe siècle – 553 Informations générales Statut Confédération tribale Capitale Ecbatane Langue Mède  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Medes — Mede redirects here. For the town in Italy, see Mede, Lombardy. Median Empire or Median Confederation Mādai ← …   Wikipedia

  • Medes —    The Medes were an ancient Indo European people who spoke an Iranian language related to old Persian, but they left no written records of their own. They flourished from the eighth to the sixth centuries BCE. Under their king Cyaxares, the… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Medes —    The inhabitants of Media, in the western part of Iran, who played a key role in Mes opotamian history in the first millennium B.C. The Medes, who spoke an Indo European language, began as a group of loosely organized but culturally related… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Medes — A people who rose to power in the Near East, and captured Nineveh in 612 BCE, but were conquered by Cyrus and became part of the Persian Empire in 549 BCE. During the Exile they were expected by Jeremiah (51:11) to be God s instrument for… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Medes — see Nebuchadrezzar II, Necho II, Psammetichus I. Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David …   Ancient Egypt

  • Medes — n. member of a people who lived in ancient Media; native or resident of Media …   English contemporary dictionary

  • MEDES AND MEDIA — (Heb. מָדַי; in Akkadian inscriptions: Madai), a people of Indo Iranian origin, closely related to the Persians, who inhabited the mountainous area of Iran and the northeastern and eastern region of Mesopotamia. The Medes, located in the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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