NEBUCHADREZZAR II
(NABU-KUDURRU-USUR in babylonian; reigned 605–562 B.C.)
   Babylonian king, son of Nabopolassar. Before his father’s death, he had managed to defeat the Egyptians at Charchemish. He went to Babylon to be crowned but quickly returned to Syria. He fought there for some eight years to enforce Babylonian dominion over the Levant and Syria, including Damascus, Tyre, and Jerusalem. He also campaigned in the east, against Elam, and had to repress rebellions within Babylonia. Eventually, he managed to secure Babylonia’s succession over most of the territories once held by Assyriaand began to reap the economic benefits. Much of the enormous revenue was spent on beautifying and protecting the capital, Babylon. He built new city walls, double in construction and with a moat, a new bridge over the Euphrates, new palaces, and the splendidly decorated Processional Street, which was used for the ceremonies of the New Year festival (see AKITU). He also rebuilt and enlarged the precinct and temple of Mardukand began work on the huge ziggurat Etemenanki. Nebuchadrezzar’s royal inscriptions contained primarily detailed descriptions of his architectural projects. According to biblical records, he went mad in his later years, but there are no Babylonian sources to deny or substantiate this claim.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nebuchadrezzar II — Nebuchadrezzar II, more often called Nebuchadnezzar audio2|En us Nebuchadnezzar.ogg (c 630 562 BC), was a ruler of Babylon in the Chaldean Dynasty, who reigned c. 605 BC 562 BC. He is mentioned in the Book of Daniel, and he constructed the… …   Wikipedia

  • Nebuchadrezzar II — or Nebuchadnezzar born с 630 died с 561BC Second and greatest king of the Chaldean dynasty of Babylonia. He began his military career as an administrator (с 610 BC) and ascended the throne on his father s death, just after winning Syria from the… …   Universalium

  • Nebuchadrezzar II — King of Babylon 605 562 BC.     Babylonia had replaced *Assyria as Egypt s great enemy when *Assyria fell to the Medes and the Babylonians with the sack of Nineveh, in 612 BC. The kings of the Twenty sixth Dynasty now faced a new threat, and… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Nebuchadrezzar II — noun (Old Testament) king of Chaldea who captured and destroyed Jerusalem and exiled the Israelites to Babylonia (630? 562 BC) • Syn: ↑Nebuchadnezzar, ↑Nebuchadnezzar II, ↑Nebuchadrezzar • Topics: ↑Old Testament • Insta …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nebuchadrezzar II — or Nebuchadnezzar biographical name circa 630 562 B.C. Chaldean king of Babylon (605 562) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Nebuchadrezzar — noun (Old Testament) king of Chaldea who captured and destroyed Jerusalem and exiled the Israelites to Babylonia (630? 562 BC) • Syn: ↑Nebuchadnezzar, ↑Nebuchadnezzar II, ↑Nebuchadrezzar II • Topics: ↑Old Testament • …   Useful english dictionary

  • II — (as used in expressions) Abdülhamid II Agesilaus II Alamgir II Aziz al Din Alamgir II Alexander II Amalric II Amenhotep II Anacletus II Andrew II Andronicus II Palaeologus Antigonus II Gonatas …   Universalium

  • Nebuchadrezzar I — Nebuchadrezzar I, more commonly known as Nebuchadnezzar I (Akkadian: Nabu kudurri usur , meaning Nebo, protect my eldest son or Nebo, protect the border ), was the king of the Babylonian Empire from about 1125 BC to 1103 BC. He is considered to… …   Wikipedia

  • Necho II — Nekau A small kneeling bronze statuette, likely Necho II, now residing in the Brooklyn Museum …   Wikipedia

  • Meli-Shipak II — Melišipak kudurru Land grant to Marduk apal iddina I Kudurru of Melishihu at the Louvre …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”