PERSIANS
   Peoples speaking an Indo-European languagewho settled in Iran in the second millennium B.C. By the beginning of the first millennium, they spread westward to the Zagros, where they formed their first state, the Median kingdom (c. 720–550), with the capital at Ecbatana. After the elimination of Elam, they became a powerful force in western Iran, which was instrumental in bringing down the Neo-Assyrian empire. The Medes were in turn ousted by another Persian dynasty, that of the Achaemenids (550–330). After the conquest of Alexander the Great and the subsequent rule of the Seleucids over Iran, new Persian polities formed, first the Parthians with the Arsacid Dynasty, and then the Sassanians (A.D. 224–642).

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Persians — Persian Per sian, a. [From Persia: cf. It. Persiano. Cf. {Parsee}, {Peach}, {Persic}.] Of or pertaining to Persia, to the Persians, or to their language. [1913 Webster] {Persian berry}, the fruit of {Rhamnus infectorius}, a kind of buckthorn,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Persians —    Historians variously use the term Persian in both a general and a more specific sense. In the general sense, the term denotes a group of Indo European speaking people who settled in Iran in the late second millennium b.c. They eventually… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Persians — noun An ethnic group being a majority in Iran …   Wiktionary

  • PERSIANS —    a name given to sculptured draped male figures used as columns …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Persians — n. language of Persia, Persian language (also known as Farsi) Per·sian || pɜːʃn n. resident or citizen of Persia; native of Persia adj. of or pertaining to Persia; from Persia (former name of modern day Iran) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • persians — plural of persian …   Useful english dictionary

  • Persians (in Egypt) — 525 332 BC.     Egypt was conquered by the Persian king *Cambyses in 525 BC; thus annexed to the Persian Empire, Egypt experienced domination in this so called First Persian Period (the Twenty seventh Dynasty) which lasted until 401 BC when the… …   Ancient Egypt

  • PERSIANS, THE —    belonged to the Aryan race, hence Iran, the original name of their country; they were related rather to the Western than the Eastern world, and it is from them that continuous history takes its start; they first recognised an ethereal essence …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Persians, The — a tragedy (472 B.C.) by Aeschylus. * * * …   Universalium

  • Persians, The — a tragedy (472 B.C.) by Aeschylus …   Useful english dictionary

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