ADOPTION
   Adoption is known from legal contracts and law codes dating from the second and first millennia B.C. The most common form was to take an individual to be a son or daughter, but sibling and parental adoption was not unknown. Written documents, duly witnessed, stated the terms and nature of the relationship being entered into and, sometimes, the penalties incurred for the repudiation of the contract.
   One of the most common reasons for adoption was the desire to secure support in old age and the provision of a funerary cult for the adopter after death. In exchange, the adoptee could inherit property. Such arrangements were generally conducted between adults. Infants or children could be adopted to legitimize their descent. Sequestered high-status women (such as the naditu) who were barred from having children could adopt young women to look after them in old age and to make them independent of the paternal kin group. Legal tablets show that litigation over adoption was not uncommon.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

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  • ADOPTION — Le développement moderne de l’adoption est particulièrement remarquable. Si l’institution demeure inconnue notamment du droit musulman et de certaines législations d’Amérique latine, elle a pris une place importante dans les lois et dans les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ADOPTION — ADOPTION, taking another s child as one s own. Alleged Cases of Adoption in the Bible The evidence for adoption in the Bible is so equivocal that some have denied it was practiced in the biblical period. (A) GENESIS 15:2–3. Being childless, Abram …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Adoption — (von lat. adoptio) ist die rechtliche Begründung eines Eltern Kind Verhältnisses zwischen dem Annehmenden und dem Kind ohne Rücksicht auf die biologische Abstammung. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Historisches 2 Rechtslage in einzelnen Ländern und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • adoption — I (acceptance) noun acknowledgment, admission, approbation, approval, assimilation, assumption, attachment to, choice, co optation, election, embracement, espousal, favorable reception, ratification, reception, recognition, sanction, selection… …   Law dictionary

  • Adoption — • Adoption, as defined in canon law, is foreign to the Bible Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Adoption     Adoption     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • adoption —    Adoption was a fairly common practice in ancient Mesopotamia, as revealed by the survival of a number of adoption contracts and other related documents, mostly dating from the second and first millennia b.c. A common reason for adopting a… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Adoption — Adoption, Annahme an Kindesstatt. Im deutschen Recht unbekannt, ebenso im größeren Theile der Schweiz. Dagegen durchs römische Recht, soweit es. Geltung erlangte, eingeführt. Der Adoptirte wird Descendent, d.h. Kind oder Enkel; an Brudersstelle u …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Adoption — A*dop tion, n. [L. adoptio, allied to adoptare to adopt: cf. F. adoption.] 1. The act of adopting, or state of being adopted; voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be the same as one s own child. [1913 Webster] 2. Admission to a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adoption — ADOPTION. s. f. Action d adopter. Tibère n étoit fils d Auguste que par adoption. [b]f♛/b] Il se dit aussi au sens de Choix, préférence. Je ne sais pas ce qui a pu motiver une adoption aussi bizarre. C est son goût d adoption …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • adoption — Adoption. s. f. Action d adopter. Il est mon fils par adoption. nous sommes les enfans de Dieu par adoption …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

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