SARGON OF AKKAD


SARGON OF AKKAD
(reigned C. 2340 – C. 2284 B.C.)
   King and founder of the Akkadian Dynasty. Sargon became the subject of a variety of cuneiform texts in which he is generally portrayed as an exemplary ruler. He was described as destined by the gods (especially Ishtar) to conquer the “four corners of the universe” and as presiding over peace and prosperity. Some of these accounts also credit him with a mysterious birth (by a priestess) and a miraculous Moses-like rescue from abandonment in a basket in the river. He was said to have journeyed very far and to have settled disputes in Anatolia. Much of this is fictional, but even the evidence of his royal inscriptions, which were copied in the Old Babylonianperiod, is confusing, and the chronology of events referred to in his royal inscriptions remains problematic.
   It appears that Sargon began his career a courtier of King UrZababa of Kish. His rise to power was triggered by his victory over Lugalzagesi of Uruk. He then gained control over all the other Sumerian citiesbut based himself at Akkad, presumably a new foundation. He always called himself king of Akkad. During his long reign, he claims to have led various campaigns abroad: he subdued Elam to the east and moved westward, conquering Mari and other cities in Upper Mesopotamia and southern Anatolia. Sargon promoted the use of the Semitic language Akkadian in his inscriptions. His daughter Enheduanna was appointed priestess of the moon god at Ur.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sargon von Akkad — (auch Sargon von Akkade) war von 2356 bis 2300 v. Chr. (mittlere Chronologie) bzw. 2292 bis 2236 v. Chr. (kurze Chronologie) König von Akkad. Mit Sargon von Akkad beginnt eine neue Ära in der Geschichte von Mesopotamien. Seine Reichsgründung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Sargon of Akkad — You may be looking for the Assyrian kings Sargon I (r. 1920 – 1881 BC) or Sargon II (r. 722 – 705 BC). Sargon of Akkad, also known as Sargon the Great (Akkadian Šarru kinu , cuneiform ŠAR.RU.KI.IN cuneiform|????, meaning the true king or the king …   Wikipedia

  • Sargon d'Akkad — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sargon. Tête en bronze d un roi Akkadien (Musée national d Iraq), probablement celle de Sargon d Akkad, éventuellement celle de Naram Sin. Sargon d’Akkad …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sargon of Akkad — (reigned ca. 2340 2284 b.c.)    The founder of the Akkadian dynasty of rulers and the Akkadian Empire, the first major imperial realm to rise in Mesopotamia. A number of later Mesopotamian accounts of Sargon and his exploits have survived.… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Conquests of Sargon of Akkad — Sargon of Akkad s conquests. Date c. 2340 2284 BCE …   Wikipedia

  • AKKAD — (du sémitique Akkadû, forme à laquelle le scribe préférait Agadé) désigne à la fois une «ville de royauté» du IIIe millénaire avant J. C. et la partie nord de la Babylonie. Du nom de la cité dérive le terme akkadien , qui sert à qualifier la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Akkad — oder Akkade (sumerisch KUR URIKI, A.GA.DEKI) war eine Königsstadt in Mesopotamien, im späten 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr. wurde sie von Sargon von Akkad zum Zentrum seines Reiches erhoben. Man spricht daher vom Reich von Akkad bzw. Akkadischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sargon II. — Sargon II. und ein Würdenträger Šarrum ken II., auch biblisch Sargon II., (Scharrum ken, Sarrum ken), von 721 v. Chr. bis 705 v. Chr. König des neuassyrischen Reiches und Namensgeber der Sargoniden Dynastie . Er führte den Titel Statthalter des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sargon l'Ancien — Sargon d Akkad Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sargon. Tête d’un roi akkadien du XXIIIe si …   Wikipédia en Français


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