SHALMANESER III
(reigned 858–824 B.C.)
   Assyrian king, son and successor of Ashurnasirpal II. Having inherited the vast empire his father had built, he was hard-pressed to maintain Assyrian hegemony in the face of widespread revolts. He relied on diplomacy coupled with a show of force when deemed necessary and thus managed to expand Assyrian influence even further. The most persistent problems were in Syria. Here a coalition of local rulers was formed who assembled their troops for a violent confrontation with Assyrian forces. This alliance was commanded by the sheikh of the Bit-Adini, who were a powerful tribe. Sennacherib defeated them, and Bit-Adini became an Assyrian province. Some time later, though, he faced a much more serious contingent of rebellious polities led by the kings of Hamath and Damascus. Here, too, he claimed victory in a great battle at Qarqar on the Orontes in 853, but the coalition was to continue its resistance activities for some years after that.
   Shalmaneser was on friendly terms with Babylonia and supported its king, Marduk-zakir-shumi, when he faced a rebellion by his own brother. Sennacherib used the opportunity to show his strength to the Aramean and Chaldean tribes and made a tour of the major Babylonian temples. He also campaigned in Anatolia, especially against Urartu. In his capital, Kalhu, he built temples, a ziggurat, and a large fortress.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

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  • SHALMANESER III° — (Shulmānu asharid ( Shulmanu is leader ) III), ruler of Assyria 859–824 B.C.E. Shalmaneser inherited from his father, the cruel Ashurnasirpal II (883–859 B.C.E.), a well–equipped army and the desire to extend his rule over Syria and Phoenicia.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shalmaneser III — ( Šulmānu ašarēdu , the god Shulmanu is pre eminent ) was king of Assyria (859 BC 824 BC), and son of the previous ruler, Ashurnasirpal II [http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/txt/ah/Assyria/Inscra01.html] .His long reign was a constant series of… …   Wikipedia

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  • Shalmaneser III — /shal meuh nee zeuhr/ died 824? B.C., Assyrian ruler 859 824?. * * * ▪ king of Assyria flourished 9th century BC       king of Assyria (reigned 858–824 BC) who pursued a vigorous policy of military expansion.       Although he conducted campaigns …   Universalium

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  • Shalmaneser V — (Akkadian: ak. Šulmanu ašarid ) was king of Assyria from 727 to 722 BC. He first appears as governor of Zimirra in Phoenicia in the reign of his father, Tiglath Pileser III.On the death of Tiglath Pileser, he succeeded to the throne of Assyria on …   Wikipedia

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