- TIGLATH-PILESER I
- (TUKULTI-APIL-ESHARA in assyrian; reigned 1115–1076 B.C.)Assyrian king of the Middle Assyrian period. He was one of the most important Assyrian kings of this period, largely because of his wide-ranging military campaigns, his enthusiasm for building projects, and his interest in cuneiform tablet collections. He campaigned widely in Anatolia, where he subjugated numerous peoples, and ventured as far as the Mediterranean Sea. In the capital city, Assur, he built a new palace and established a library, which held numerous tablets on all kinds of scholarly subjects. He also issued a legal decree, the so-called Middle Assyrian laws, and wrote the first royal annals. He was also one of the first Assyrian kings to commission parks and gardens stocked with foreign and native trees and plants.A persistent problem of Tiglath-pileser I’s 39-year-long reign was the Arameans, who caused disruption throughout the Syrian dependencies of Assyria. There was also a serious conflict with Babylonia when NebuchadrezzarIbegan to make incursions into Assyrian-held territory. Tiglath-pileser retaliated by attacking Babylonian cities. He conquered Babylon and destroyed the palace of King Marduknadin-ahhe.
Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. EdwART. 2012.