UMMA
(modern DJOKHA)
   Sumerian city in south Mesopotamia, excavated in 1930 by a French team under Henri de Genouillac. It was situated along a network of canals that linked the major rivers Euphrates and Tigris. Umma was a city-state of some importance in the Early Dynastic period. Its history is known primarily from tablets found at Lagash and Girsuthat document a long conflict over border territories. Some kings of Umma have left inscribed votive objects but are otherwise unknown. A certain Enakale attacked Eannatum of Lagash in the 25th century B.C. and thereafter concluded a treaty and erected a dike to delineate the border. This seems to have been respected for some time until the war flared up again under his successors, and it only came to an end with Lugalzagesi (reigned c. 2341–c. 2316), who attacked and destroyed Girsu, before conquering other Sumerian cities.
   When Lugalzagesi was in turn defeated by Sargon of Akkad, Umma became part of the Akkad state. The city continued to prosper until the end of the third millennium B.C. The main deity of Umma was the god Shara.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

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  • UMMA — steht für: Umma, die religiöse Gemeinschaft der Muslime Umma (Sumer), eine sumerische Stadt in Süd Mesopotamien Umma (Partei), eine sudanesische Partei UMMA steht für: University of Michigan Museum of Art, ein amerikanisches Kunstmuseum …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • umma — (n.) the Islamic community, founded by Muhammad and bound to one another by religious ties and obligations, 1855, from Arabic umma people, community, nation …   Etymology dictionary

  • umma — ● umma nom féminin (mot arabe) La communauté des musulmans, l ensemble des musulmans du monde. (Cette notion marque le dépassement des appartenances tribales et ethniques, puis nationales, au profit de l appartenance religieuse.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Umma — This article is about the Sumerian city. For the Islamic term, see Ummah. For other uses, see Umma (disambiguation). Coordinates: 31°38′N 45°52′E / 31.633°N 45.867°E / …   Wikipedia

  • Umma — Der islamische Begriff Umma (‏أمة‎, DMG Umma, ‚Gemeinschaft‘), manchmal auch Ummah, bezeichnet als Fremdwort in westlichen Sprachen die religiöse Gemeinschaft aller Muslime, eigentlich korrekter auf arabisch al Umma al islamiyya / ‏الأمة… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Umma —    A Sumerian city in southern Mesopotamia, situated a few miles northeast of La gash. Umma (modern Djokha) rested within a network of canals that connected to the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. its patron god, Shara, was a warrior deity, which in… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Umma — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Umma, (ou Oumma) désigne la communauté des musulmans au delà de leur nationalité et de la parcellisation des pouvoirs politiques qui les gouvernent ; …   Wikipédia en Français

  • umma — UK [ˈuːmə] / US [ˈʊmə] noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms umma : singular umma plural ummas all Muslims in the world, considered as a group …   English dictionary

  • umma — {{#}}{{LM U43035}}{{〓}} {{[}}umma{{]}} {{■}}(ár.){{□}} {{《}}▍ s.f.{{》}} Comunidad musulmana en la que no existe distinción entre lo político y lo religioso. {{★}}{{\}}PRONUNCIACIÓN:{{/}} [úmma]. {{★}}{{\}}ORTOGRAFÍA:{{/}} Por ser un extranjerismo …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • Umma — La umma (árabe: امة) o comunidad de creyentes del islam comprende a todos aquellos que profesan la religión islámica, independientemente de su nacionalidad, origen, sexo o condición social. La mayor parte de los eruditos optan por la visión más… …   Wikipedia Español

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