ZIGGURAT
   This loan word, derived from the Akkadian ziqqurratu, designates architectural structures that resemble stepped pyramids in outline. They were built solidly, with no internal chambers, from mudbrick, sometimes with an outer mantle of baked brick. Ziggurats had religious significance; they were usually part of a temple com- plex and had a chapel at the uppermost platform that was reached by a series of ramps and steps. No ziggurat is preserved well enough to allow a valid reconstruction. Assyrian ziggurats were usually di- rectly attached to a “low temple,” while Babylonian ziggurats were freestanding. In general, all these structures provided a lofty stage, a kind of ladder for the godsto come closer to Earth and for the priests to draw nearer to the heavens. They also formed landmarks that were visible from afar.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ziggurat — ig gu*rat, n. A temple tower of the Babylonians or Assyrians, consisting of a lofty pyramidal structure, built in successive stages, with outside staircases, and a shrine at the top; called also {zikkurat}. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ziggurat — Ziggurat, monumentale tempelbygninger i Mesopotamien. Er fra 3. årtusinde f.Kr …   Danske encyklopædi

  • ziggurat — (n.) 1858, from Assyrian ziqquratu height, pinnacle, from zaqaru to be high …   Etymology dictionary

  • ziggurat — [zik′oo ratzig′oo rat΄] n. [Akkadian ziqqurratu, temple tower < zaqru, high, massive] a temple tower of the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians, in the form of a terraced pyramid with each story smaller than the one below it: also zikkurat… …   English World dictionary

  • Ziggurat — Une ziggurat, ou ziggourat, (prononcer /zi.gu.ʁat/), est un édifice religieux mésopotamien à degrés, présent aussi en Élam, constitué de plusieurs terrasses supportant probablement un temple construit à son sommet. Le terme vient de l akkadien… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ziggurat — A ziggurat (Akkadian ziqqurrat , D stem of zaqāru to build on a raised area ) was a temple tower of the ancient Mesopotamian valley and Iran, having the form of a terraced pyramid of successively receding stories or levels. Some modern buildings… …   Wikipedia

  • ziggurat — /zig oo rat /, n. (among the ancient Babylonians and Assyrians) a temple of Sumerian origin in the form of a pyramidal tower, consisting of a number of stories and having about the outside a broad ascent winding round the structure, presenting… …   Universalium

  • ziggurat —    A pyramid like structure erected in many ancient Mesopotamian cities, usually near a temple or as part of a temple complex, and used for religious ceremonial purposes. The modern term is derived from the Akkadian word ziqqurratu. Although they …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Ziggurat — Choghazanbil Ziggurat, Iran Ein Zikkurat, Ziqqurrat, Zikkurrat, Ziggurat oder Schiggorat (babylonisch „hoch aufragend, aufgetürmt“; „Himmelshügel“; „Götterberg“; Plural: Zikkurate) ist ein pyramidenartiger Stufentempel in Mesopotamien. Die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ziggurat — ⇒ZIGG(O)URAT, (ZIGGURAT, ZIGGOURAT)subst. fém. ARCHÉOL. Édifice caractéristique de l architecture religieuse mésopotamienne en forme de pyramide à étages, dont le sommet qui pouvait servir à l observation des astres, portait un sanctuaire, et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ziggurat — Zikkurat ik ku*rat, n. A temple tower of the Babylonians or Assyrians, consisting of a lofty pyramidal structure, built in successive stages, with outside staircases, and a shrine at the top; called also {ziggurat}. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”