- (modern KHORSABAD)Assyrian capital, inaugurated by Sargon II in 707 (the name means “Fortress of Sargon”). Sargon decided to move the center of Assyrian administration and the royal palaces from Kalhu to a brand-new site. The city was therefore planned from the beginning. Amassive wall of mudbrick (14 meters thick and 12 meters high) surrounded the rectangular outline of the city, enclosing an area of 300 hectares. There were seven gates, each dedicated to an Assyrian god. Within a separate enclosure stood the palace and the administrative complex known as the “Palace without Rival.” According to the French excavators, it contained more than 210 rooms, grouped around three courtyards. The portals were guarded by colossal humanheaded, winged bulls made of stone, and the walls of the palace were lined with relief-covered limestone slabs that showed the triumph of the Assyrian army and the deeds of Sargon. Numerous administrative tablets have also been found. There were several sanctuaries at Dur-Sharruken; the most notable was dedicated to the god Nabu and decorated with glazed tiles. The city was destroyed in the final cataclysm of the Assyrian empire around 612 B.C.
Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. EdwART. 2012.
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NEO-ASSYRIAN PERIOD — (934–610 B.C.) This historical phase derives its name from a linguistic category of the Assyrianlanguageas expressed in the documents of the time. According to the Assyrian King List, there was no break between the rulers of the mid second… … Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia
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SARGON II — (reigned 721–705 B.C.) Assyrian king who acceded to the throne in unclear circumstances after the death of Shalmaneser V. His succession was not uncontested, though he was backed by the citizens of Assur. There were also rebellions from… … Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia
Huitieme campagne de Sargon II — Huitième campagne de Sargon II Sargon II et un haut dignitaire. Bas relief du palais de Dur Sharrukin En 714 av. J. C., le roi assyrien Sargon II mène une campagne victorieuse contre l Urartu, le plus sérieux adversaire à l expansion de son… … Wikipédia en Français
Huitième campagne de Sargon II — Sargon II et un haut dignitaire. Bas relief du palais de Dur Sharrukin En 714 av. J. C., le roi assyrien Sargon II mène une campagne victorieuse contre l Urartu, le plus sérieux adversaire à l expansion de son empire. Cette expédition est l une… … Wikipédia en Français