City in southern Babylonia, 20 kilometers south of Nippur. It was excavated first in 1924 by A. T. Clay and Stephen Langdon, and then by Bartel Hrouda from 1973 to 1989. Archaeological excavations show that the site was already occupied in the Ubaid periodin the fifth millennium B.C. Isin was well known for its templededicated to the healing goddessNinisina (“Lady of Isin”), who was later identified with the Babylonian goddess Gula.
   The city had some importance in the Early Dynastic and Akkadian periods, but the name Isin does not appear in texts before the time of the Third Dynasty of Ur. Most of the extant structures date from the second millennium. The city came to prominence after the fall of Urin c. 2004, when Ishbi-Errafounded the First Dynasty of Isinin c. 2017. Isin’s supremacy was continuously contested by other cities, especially its archrival Larsa, which eventually conquered the city in c. 1794.
   The Kassite kings promoted the cult of Gula and invested in the restoration and enlargement of her temple. When Kassite rule was brought to an end by the Elamites, who then exercised control of most of central Babylonia, Isin’s position in the south provided relative autonomy. The Babylonian King List credits an Isin with exercising legitimate kingship as the Second Dynasty of Isin (1155–1027). There are few sources from this period apart from those of the reign of its most prominent king, NebuchadrezzarI, who undertook a successful campaign to Elam and restored national pride.
   See also KIDEN-HUTRAN.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Isin — (modern Ishan al Bahriyat) was a city of lower Mesopotamia, which flourished during the 20th century BC. No kings of Isin are known from the Sumerian period, and the Dynasty of Isin refers to Amorite states in lower Mesopotamia that attained… …   Wikipedia

  • Isin — (heute: Išān (al )Bahrīyāt; Al Qadisiyya Gouvernement; Irak) war eine Stadt im altorientalischen Mesopotamien. Ihre Überreste befinden sich ca. 200 km südsüdöstlich von Bagdad und 35 Km südsüdwestlich von Nippur. Sie wird bereits in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ISIN — USA ISIN is an acronym for International Securities Identification Number. ISIN numbers are the unique 12 digit numbers that are recognized by the International Standards Organization, located in Geneva, Switzerland, as security identifiers for… …   Law dictionary

  • Isin — puede referirse a: Una ciudad de la antigua Mesopotamia; Isín. Una localidad del término municipal de Sabiñánigo, en Huesca (Aragón, España); Isín. Un código internacional de identificación de valores; Código ISIN. Esta página de desambi …   Wikipedia Español

  • ISIN — [ i:zɪn , i:|ɛs|i: |ɛn ], die; , [Abk. für engl. international securities identification number (engl. securities = Wertpapiere)]: internationale Kennnummer für Wertpapiere. * * * Isin,   altorientalische Stadt, südlich von Babylon am …   Universal-Lexikon

  • isin — isin·glass; …   English syllables

  • ISIN — die; , <aus englisch international securities identification number> (internationale Wertpapierkennnummer) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • Isin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir ISIN (homonymie). Isin Ishan Bahriyat Localisation Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ISIN — Die International Securities Identification Number (ISIN) ist eine zwölfstellige Buchstaben Zahlen Kombination und stellt eine Identifikation für ein Wertpapier dar, das an der Börse gehandelt wird. Der Aufbau der ISIN wird in der ISO 6166… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ISIN — ISO 6166 Pour les articles homonymes, voir ISIN (homonymie). L ISO 6166 relative aux instruments financiers ISIN (International Securities Identification Number) est une norme datant de 2001 qui identifie internationalement les valeurs mobilières …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isín — Para otros usos de este término, véase Isin. Isín y Babilonia durante la dinastía casitas, siglo XIII a. C. Antigua Ciudad Estado de la Baja Mesopotamia …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.