- (605–539 B.C.)It was founded by the Babylonian king Nabopolassar (reigned 626–605 B.C.), who with the help of the Medes brought the Neo-Assyrian empire to its knees by destroying Nineveh and other major Assyrian cities. Nabopolassar’s son Nebuchadrezzar II (reigned 605–562), an able military commander, managed to ward off Egyptian claims on the western former Assyrian provinces in Syria and the Levant, and he maintained control over the central south Anatolian regions as well. The Iranian regions remained under Persian rule. The Babylonian empire was thus the heir to the Assyrian empire and reaped the economic rewards, which were primarily invested in reconstructing the ancient Babylonian cities, especially Babylon. The empire weathered serious internal political problems after Nebuchadrezzar’s death; his son Amel-Marduk was assassinated by his brother-in-law Neriglissar, who only ruled three years, leaving a minor on the throne, which triggered further bloody intrigues. Nabonidus (reigned 555–539 B.C.) emerged victorious from the fray and, perhaps in anticipation of Persian ambitions under the new Achaemenid dynasty, moved westward to Arabia, where he built up a strong Babylonian presence before returning to Babylon. In any event, his efforts were fruitless. He faced Cyrus II in battle and was defeated. The Persian king then took possession of Babylon and assumed the Babylonian throne, marking the end of Babylonian independence.See also NEO-BABYLONIAN.
Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. EdwART. 2012.
Look at other dictionaries:
Neo-Babylonian Empire — ← … Wikipedia
Neo-Babylonian Empire — A term coined by modern historians to denote the Babylonian realm ruled by the dynasty begun by King Nabopolassar (reigned 626 605 b.c.), accordingly referred to as the Neo Babylonian dynasty (sometimes called the Chaldean dynasty). The Neo… … Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary
Neo-Assyrian Empire — ← ← … Wikipedia
neo-babylonian — I. “+ adjective Usage: often capitalized N & usually capitalized B Etymology: ne + babylonian : of or relating to the later Babylonian empire II. noun Usage: often capitalized N & usually capitalized B : chaldean 1 b … Useful english dictionary
Military history of the Neo-Assyrian Empire — Assyrian Army Participant in Assyrian wars of conquest … Wikipedia
Neo-Aramaic languages — Neo Aramaic Modern Aramaic Ethnicity: Assyrians Geographic distribution: Iraq, Iran, Israel, Syria, Turkey and diaspora Linguistic classification … Wikipedia
Babylonian astronomy — According to Asger Aaboe, the origins of Western astronomy can be found in Mesopotamia, and all Western efforts in the exact sciences are descendants in direct line from the work of the late Babylonian astronomers. Our knowledge of Sumerian… … Wikipedia
Babylonian law — Archaeological material for the study of Babylonian law is singularly extensive. So called contracts exist in the thousands, including a great variety of deeds, conveyances, bonds, receipts, accounts, and most important of all, actual legal… … Wikipedia
Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project — In the Neo Assyrian Text Corpus Project, the following works are published: Contents 1 State archives of Assyria cuneiform texts 2 State archives of Assyria studies 3 See also 4 Reference … Wikipedia
BABYLONIAN CHRONICLES — Several chronicles were written in Babylon from the middle of the second millennium B.C. onward. Chronicle Precords the dealings of the Kassite Dynasty with its Assyrian and Elamite neighbors. There are seven Neo Babylonian chronicles from the … Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia