OLD ASSYRIAN PERIOD
- (2000–1500 B.C.)According to the Assyrian King List, the first 17 Assyrian kings “lived in tents,” which means that they were little more than tribal leaders or sheikhs who dominated the region around the cities of Nineveh and Assur. One of these, Kikkiya, was said to have built a wall around Assur (around 2000 B.C.).Little historical information exists from the early period, and most documents concern mercantile enterprises outside Assyria. Assur became the base for a network of commercial activities that centered on the import of tin from the east (via intermediaries) and an intense import-export business with central Anatolia (tradingMesopotamian textiles against silver and copper).There was a break in the succession of Assyrian kings after the reign of Erishum II when the Amorite leader Shamshi-Addu (I) (reigned c. 1813–c. 1781), who originated from the west of Assur, acceded to the throne, having deposed Erishum. During his long reign of 32 years, he greatly enlarged his territory by attacking Babylonian cities, such as Sippar and Babylon, seizing control of Mari and the Habur valley with Shubat-Enlil. He controlled all the Assyrian cities, including Ekallate, Nineveh, and Assur, and the Tigris valley right up to the Zagros and farther south toward Elam. After his death, most of the conquered territories were lost, and Assyria remained a small north Mesopotamian kingdom until it became reduced to a vassal state of the powerful Mitanni following a raid by king Shaushtatar around 1500 B.C.See also OLD ASSYRIAN.
Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. EdwART. 2012.
Look at other dictionaries:
Old Assyrian — refers to the Old Assyrian period of the Ancient Near East, ca. 20th to 16th centuries BC (the Middle Bronze Age) the Old Assyrian Empire, see Assyrian Empire the Old Assyrian language, see Akkadian language Old Assyrian cuneiform, see Cuneiform… … Wikipedia
MIDDLE ASSYRIAN PERIOD — The term “Middle Assyrian” has two connotations: It is a linguistic term used to refer to the language of documents written in “Middle Assyrian” as opposed to Old or NeoAssyrian. In a historical context, it circumscribes the period between c.… … Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia
NEO-ASSYRIAN PERIOD — (934–610 B.C.) This historical phase derives its name from a linguistic category of the Assyrianlanguageas expressed in the documents of the time. According to the Assyrian King List, there was no break between the rulers of the mid second… … Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia
Assyrian people — Assyrians redirects here. For other uses, see Assyrians (disambiguation). Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac people Sūrāyē / Sūryāyē / … Wikipedia
Assyrian Genocide — Map of the Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac genocide. • Towns were genocide occurred. • Towns that received refugee … Wikipedia
Old Babylonian — may refer to: the period of the First Babylonian Dynasty (20th to 16th centuries BC) the historical stage of the Akkadian language of that time See also Old Assyrian (disambiguation) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the… … Wikipedia
Assyrian calendar — This article is about the calendar introduced in the 1950s. See Old Assyrian calendar for the ancient calendar. The modern Assyrian calendar was introduced in the 1950s, loosely based on the historical lunisolar Babylonian calendar. The year… … Wikipedia
Assyrian Church of the East — Assyrian Christian redirects here. For other uses, see Assyrian (disambiguation). Assyrian Church of the East Emblem of the Assyrian Church of the East Founder Traces origins to Saints Thomas, Bartholomew, Thaddeus (Addai) … Wikipedia
Old Persian language — Old Persian Spoken in Ancient Iran Era Ancestor of Middle Persian Language family Indo European Indo Iranian … Wikipedia
Old Testament — • The Apostle St. Paul declares himself (II Cor., iii, 6) a minister of the new testament , and calls (iii, 14) the covenant entered into on Mount Sinai the old testament Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Old Testament … Catholic encyclopedia