SELEUCUS I NICATOR

(reigned 305–281 B.C.)
   Macedonian general who accompanied Alexander the Great on his campaign to India. After Alexander’s death in 321, Seleucus assumed the office of regent after the murder of Perdiccas. When the empire was partitioned, he became satrap of Babylonia. He was dislodged by Antigonus, fled to Egypt to Ptolemy I, and eventually returned to Babylonafter 315. He then campaigned to gain control over the Iranian provinces. His coronation as king of Babylonia was hotly contested by Antigonus, who continued to raid and devastate the country but was finally defeated in 301 at Ipsus in Syria.
   Seleucus now controlled the former satrapy of Syria and half of Anatolia and thus commanded an empire almost the size of Alexander’s (with the exception of Egypt). He founded several new cities, including the new capital Seleucia-on-the-Tigris, initiated a new dating system and the era of the Seleucids, made Greek the official language, and promoted Hellenistic culture in Mesopotamia.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

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  • Seleucus I Nicator — Infobox Monarch name =Seleucus I Nicator title =Seleucid king caption =Coin of Seleucus I Nicator. reign =305 BCE 281 BCE coronation = othertitles = full name = predecessor = successor = suc type = heir = queen =Apama consort = spouse 1 = spouse… …   Wikipedia

  • Séleucus Ier Nicator — Séleucos Ier Bronze au musée national d archéologie de Naples Séleucos (ou Séleucus) Ier Nicator, en grec ancien Σέλευκος Νικάτωρ / Seleukos Nikatôr (« le Vainqueur »), né à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Seleucus I Nicator — born с 358, Europus, Macedonia died August/September 281 BC, near Lysimachia, Thrace Macedonian army officer, founder of the Seleucid dynasty. After the death of Alexander the Great, under whom he had served, Seleucus won an empire centred on… …   Universalium

  • Seleucus I Nicator — noun Macedonian general who accompanied Alexander the Great into Asia; founded a line of kings who reigned in Asia Minor until 65 BC (358 281 BC) • Syn: ↑Seleucus, ↑Seleucus I • Instance Hypernyms: ↑general, ↑full general, ↑Macedonian …   Useful english dictionary

  • Seleucus I Nicator — biographical name 358(to 354) 281 B.C. Macedonian general & founder of Seleucid dynasty …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Didymeia (sister of Seleucus I Nicator) — Didymeia (flourished 4th and 3rd centuries BC, Greek: η Δηιδάμεια) was a Greek Macedonian noblewoman. She originally came from an upper Macedonian noble family. Didymeia was the daughter of Antiochus and Laodice of Macedonia. Her father served as …   Wikipedia

  • Antiochus (father of Seleucus I Nicator) — Antiochus (flourished 4th century BC, name in Greek: о Αντίοχος) was a Greek Macedonian man that lived during the time of Greek Macedonian King Philip II of Macedon who ruled from 359 BC 336 BC. He originally came from Orestis, Greece. Antiochus… …   Wikipedia

  • Seleucus — was the name of several Macedonian kings of the Seleucid dynasty ruling in the area of Syria:* Seleucus I Nicator (Satrap 311–305 BC, King 305 BC–281 BC) * Seleucus II Callinicus (246–225 BC) * Seleucus III Ceraunus (or Soter) (225–223 BC) *… …   Wikipedia

  • Seleucus I — noun Macedonian general who accompanied Alexander the Great into Asia; founded a line of kings who reigned in Asia Minor until 65 BC (358 281 BC) • Syn: ↑Seleucus, ↑Seleucus I Nicator • Instance Hypernyms: ↑general, ↑full general, ↑Macedonian * * …   Useful english dictionary

  • Seleucus — noun Macedonian general who accompanied Alexander the Great into Asia; founded a line of kings who reigned in Asia Minor until 65 BC (358 281 BC) • Syn: ↑Seleucus I, ↑Seleucus I Nicator • Instance Hypernyms: ↑general, ↑full general, ↑Macedonian * …   Useful english dictionary

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