- (SIN-AHHE-ERIBA in assyrian; reigned 704–681 B.C.)Assyrian king. Despite the plentiful and varied sources for his reign, the sequence of events is still disputed. Sennacherib, whose name (“Sin has compensated [for dead] brothers”) suggests that he was not a first-born, was groomed for royal succession by his father Sargon II, and was entrusted with administrative duties from an early age. Even so, his succession after Sargon’s sudden death on campaign was not unproblematic and unleashed a series of revolts. The Egyptian pharaoh incited the kings of Sidon, Ascalon, and Judah to rebel against Assyrian rule, an uprising that was put down by Sennacherib’s general.Merodach-baladan had meanwhile returned to Babylon and assembled a large force of Chaldean, Aramean, Arab, and Elamite troops. Sennacherib marched to Babylonia, defeated the coalition, appointed a new ruler, Bel-ibni, and led a punitive campaign against the Bit-Yakin tribe in the marshes. He then replaced the unreliable Bel-ibni with his own son and continued to rout the southern tribes with the help of a fleet of Phoenician-built ships he had transported by land and river to the Persian Gulf.While he was busily engaged in the south, the Elamites invaded northern Babylonia and kidnapped his son, the regent in Babylon. This led to another series of clashes between Elamite–Babylonian coalitions and the Assyrians, while the son of his old foe Merodachbaladan had assumed the throne of Babylon. Sennacherib set siege to the city, which held out for 15 months, and vented his fury on the “holy city.” This deed was not only abhorred as sacrilege by the Babylonians but also caused much consternation in Assyria, where the gods of Babylon were held in high esteem.Sennacherib is also remembered for his ambitious building program at Nineveh, which he made into his capital. He was very interested in engineering and personally supervised the construction of aqueducts and transport of the colossal human-headed bulls that guarded the palace gates. He was also very fond of plants and collected a great variety of species from all over the empire to grace the gardens of Nineveh. He died a violent death, perhaps at the hand of one of his own sons.
Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. EdwART. 2012.
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Sennacherib — (Akkadian Sîn ahhe eriba (moon god) Sîn has replaced (lost) brothers for me ) was the son of Sargon II, whom he succeeded on the throne of Assyria (705 – 681 BC). Rise to power As a crown prince, Sennacherib was placed in charge of the empire… … Wikipedia
Sennachérib — Sennacherib Sennacherib pendant la guerre contre Babylone, bas relief de son palais à Ninive. Sennacherib (Sennachérib ou Sanchérib dans l’ancien Testament 2 Rois 18:13) fut roi d’Assyrie de 704 à 681. Il était le fils de Sargon II, que celui … Wikipédia en Français
Sennacherib — pendant la guerre contre Babylone, bas relief de son palais à Ninive. Sennacherib (Sennachérib ou Sanchérib dans l’Ancien Testament 2 Rois 18:13) fut roi d’Assyrie de 704 à 681. Il était le fils de Sargon II, que celui ci avait associé au pouvoir … Wikipédia en Français
SENNACHERIB° — (Akk. Sin aḫḫê eriba; Heb. סַנְחֵרִב ,סַנְחֵרִיב),king of Assyria and Babylonia (705–681 B.C.E.), son of sargon ii . During his reign the northern and eastern frontiers were relatively calm; however, he had to deal with rebellions in Babylonia… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SENNACHERIB — post Salmanasarem patrem, Assyriorum Rex, A. M. 3319. blasphemus in Deum, per nuntios minatus est Ezechiae regi Iudae, et populo. Iudaeam vastavit, Ierosolymam obsedit. At vero tandem, ad preces Esaiae, et Ezechiae, Angelus Domini occidit unâ… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Sennacherib II — Sennacherib II, or more commonly, Sanharib, was an Assyrian king of northern Asuristan in 372 AD. Much like Julian the Apostate of the Roman Empire, Sanharib disliked Christianity and tried to persuade his son Behnam to reject Christianity.… … Wikipedia
Sennacherib — Sennacherib, so v.w. Sanherib … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Sennacherib — [sə nak′ər ib] died 681 B.C.; king of Assyria (705 681): son of Sargon II … English World dictionary
Sennacherib — /seuh nak euhr ib/, n. died 681 B.C., king of Assyria 705 681. * * * died January 681 BC King of Assyria (r. 705/704–681 BC), son and successor of Sargon II. Between 703 and 689 he undertook six campaigns against Elam (southwestern Iran), which… … Universalium
Sennacherib — (reigned ca. 704 681 b.c.) The son of the Assyrian king Sargon II and in his own right one of the more accomplished monarchs of the Assyrian Empire. From the very beginning of his reign Sennacherib found himself beset by rebellions and other… … Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary
Sennacherib — King of Assyria 705 681 BC. In the reign of Sennacherib, Egypt s involvement with *Assyria was renewed, particularly with relation to their conflict over the vassal states in Syria/Palestine who were now requesting Egyptian support against… … Ancient Egypt