- (reigned 858–824 B.C.)Assyrian king, son and successor of Ashurnasirpal II. Having inherited the vast empire his father had built, he was hard-pressed to maintain Assyrian hegemony in the face of widespread revolts. He relied on diplomacy coupled with a show of force when deemed necessary and thus managed to expand Assyrian influence even further. The most persistent problems were in Syria. Here a coalition of local rulers was formed who assembled their troops for a violent confrontation with Assyrian forces. This alliance was commanded by the sheikh of the Bit-Adini, who were a powerful tribe. Sennacherib defeated them, and Bit-Adini became an Assyrian province. Some time later, though, he faced a much more serious contingent of rebellious polities led by the kings of Hamath and Damascus. Here, too, he claimed victory in a great battle at Qarqar on the Orontes in 853, but the coalition was to continue its resistance activities for some years after that.Shalmaneser was on friendly terms with Babylonia and supported its king, Marduk-zakir-shumi, when he faced a rebellion by his own brother. Sennacherib used the opportunity to show his strength to the Aramean and Chaldean tribes and made a tour of the major Babylonian temples. He also campaigned in Anatolia, especially against Urartu. In his capital, Kalhu, he built temples, a ziggurat, and a large fortress.
Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. EdwART. 2012.
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SHALMANESER III° — (Shulmānu asharid ( Shulmanu is leader ) III), ruler of Assyria 859–824 B.C.E. Shalmaneser inherited from his father, the cruel Ashurnasirpal II (883–859 B.C.E.), a well–equipped army and the desire to extend his rule over Syria and Phoenicia.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Shalmaneser III — ( Šulmānu ašarēdu , the god Shulmanu is pre eminent ) was king of Assyria (859 BC 824 BC), and son of the previous ruler, Ashurnasirpal II [http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/txt/ah/Assyria/Inscra01.html] .His long reign was a constant series of… … Wikipedia
Shalmaneser III — (reigned ca. 858 824 b.c.) The son of Ashurnasirpal II and one of the more aggressive of Assyria s kings during the empire s third and greatest period of expansion. Shalmaneser led military campaigns on all three of Assyria s traditional… … Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary
Shalmaneser III — /shal meuh nee zeuhr/ died 824? B.C., Assyrian ruler 859 824?. * * * ▪ king of Assyria flourished 9th century BC king of Assyria (reigned 858–824 BC) who pursued a vigorous policy of military expansion. Although he conducted campaigns … Universalium
Shalmaneser III — /shal meuh nee zeuhr/ died 824? B.C., Assyrian ruler 859 824? … Useful english dictionary
Shalmaneser — is the name of several Assyrian kings:*Shalmaneser I *Shalmaneser II *Shalmaneser III *Shalmaneser IV *Shalmaneser VA salmanazar is a 9 liter bottle of wine; see Wine bottle#Sizes.Shalmaneser is also the name of a powerful computer system in John … Wikipedia
Shalmaneser V — (Akkadian: ak. Šulmanu ašarid ) was king of Assyria from 727 to 722 BC. He first appears as governor of Zimirra in Phoenicia in the reign of his father, Tiglath Pileser III.On the death of Tiglath Pileser, he succeeded to the throne of Assyria on … Wikipedia
SHALMANESER V° — (727–722 B.C.E.), son of Tiglath Pileser III. He reigned in Babylonia under the name of Ubulai. None of his royal inscriptions, if indeed he composed any, have survived, with the result that knowledge of the period is indirect. From the 7th… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Shalmaneser IV — was king of Assyria (783 773 BC). He succeeded his father Adad nirari III, and was succeeded by his brother Ashur dan III. Very little information about his reign has survived.According to the eponym canon, he led several campaigns against Urartu … Wikipedia
Shalmaneser V — King of Assyria 727 722 BC. Shalmaneser V, the son of *Tiglath pileser III, continued his father s policy of ruthless expansion and annexation, thus forcing the vassal states of Syria/Palestine to seek help from Egypt. Hoshea rebelled openly… … Ancient Egypt