Babylonian city on the river Euphrates. It was excavated by Hormuzd Rassam (c. 1880), Vincent Scheil (1894), and a Belgian team from 1972 to 1973, and since 1978 by Iraqi archaeologists. The site was occupied since the Uruk period in the fourth millennium B.C. and was not abandoned before the Parthian period, in the second century A.D. Most of the excavated monuments date from the Old Babylonian and Neo-Babylonian periods. Sippar was in fact composed of two towns that eventually grew together. One was dominated by the temple of a goddess called Anunnitum, the other by the larger sanctuary of the sun god Shamash. Apart from a single reign of an antediluvian king (according to the Sumerian King List), Sippar was never the seat of a dynasty. Its main prestige derived from the cult of the sun god and the commercial activities, which were favored by the location of the city in central Babylonia, along the navigable Euphrates, and in close proximity also to the Tigris. Merchants of Sippar traveled north and westward to Anatolia and Syria, as well as east to Iran. Sippar, like Nippur and Babylon, was one of the privileged cities that enjoyed special taxstatus and whose citizens were exempt from conscription. Most of the written documentation from the Old Babylonian period was found in the “cloister” of the so-called naditu women, who were placed there by their fathers in order to “pray continuously” but who were also free to invest their shares of paternal property. The tablets from the Neo-Babylonian period come mainly from the Shamash temple. Iraqi archaeologists recently discovered an important library at the site.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

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  • Sippar — …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sippar — (Sumerian Zimbir bird city , modern Tell Abu Habbah, Iraq), was an ancient Sumerian and later Babylonian city on the east bank of the Euphrates, some 60 km north of Babylon.It was divided into two parts, Sippar of the Sun god and Sippar of the… …   Wikipedia

  • SIPPAR — Dès le SIPPAR IIIe millénaire, Sippar est une des grandes villes de la Mésopotamie. Le site est exploré à la fin du XIXe siècle (H. Rassam, V. Scheil), mais ce sont surtout les très nombreuses tablettes qui en proviennent, venues le plus souvent… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sippar — 33° 03′ 32″ N 44° 15′ 08″ E / 33.05882, 44.25215 Sippar (sans doute …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sippar —    According to both Sumerian and later more general Mesopotamian mythology, one of the five special cities chosen by the gods to rule the land of Sumer following the ravages of the great flood. Located about 16 miles (26 km) south of modern… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Sippar — /si pahr /, n. an ancient Babylonian city on the Euphrates, in SE Iraq. * * * Ancient city, Babylonia. It is located southwest of modern Baghdad on the Euphrates River. From the 3rd millennium BC, it was a centre of worship of the Sumerian sun… …   Universalium

  • Sippar — Sịppar,   altbabylonische Stadt, heute der Ruinenhügel Ạbu Hạbba, 45 km südwestlich von Bagdad am Euphrat; Sippar war eine der dreizehn Städte von Sumer und Hauptkultort des Sonnengottes Schamasch. Unter Hammurapi wurde hier wahrscheinlich die …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sippar — geographical name ancient city of Babylonia on the Euphrates SSW of modern Baghdad …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Sippar — noun An ancient Sumerian and later Babylonian city on the east bank of the Euphrates, some 60 km north of Babylon, in what is now Tell Abu Habbah, Iraq …   Wiktionary

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