WOOLLEY, Sir C. Leonard

(1880–1960)
   British archaeologist and writer. Educated in Oxford, where he read Theology, he became assistant keeper to the Ashmolean Museum in 1905–1907 and had his first experiences with archaeology in Italy and southern Egypt. In 1912 he joined T. E. Lawrence in his excavations of Carchemish (until 1914). He served as intelligence officer in Egypt during World War I and joined Lawrence again in 1919. He particpated in the Egypt Exploration Society’s seasons in Amarna in Egypt, but his most important commission was to direct the joint British Museum and Pennsylvania Museum expedition at Ur (1922–1934). He showed great self-restraint in not persisting in the excavation of fragile remains found in the so-called Royal Tombs until he had perfected a suitable method. His spectacular finds in the richly furnished tombs, and the mysterious burial practices that he believed to have been sacrificial, were followed by the careful excavations of residential parts of Old Babylonian Ur. Woolley’s religious convictions made him anxious to interpret his findings in the light of the Bible, such that Ur for him became the city of Abraham and the silt deposits proof of the biblical flood. These views were expounded in a series of highly popular books (Ur of the Chaldees: A Record of Seven Years of Excavations, 1929; Digging up the Past: The Romance of Archaeology, 1930). He was knighted in 1935. In 1936 he worked on Al Mina, in Syria, and at Tell Atchana from 1937 to 1939 and 1946 to 1949.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

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  • WOOLLEY, SIR CHARLES LEONARD° — (1880–1960), English archaeologist. From 1905 to 1907 he was assistant keeper in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. His earliest excavation work was carried out in England (Corbridge, 1906–07), Nubia (1907–11), and at Carchemish, Turkey (1912–14). In… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sir Charles Leonard Woolley — noun English archaeologist who supervised the excavations at Ur (1880 1960) • Syn: ↑Woolley, ↑Sir Leonard Woolley • Instance Hypernyms: ↑archeologist, ↑archaeologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Woolley, Sir Leonard — ▪ British archaeologist born April 17, 1880, London died Feb. 20, 1960, London       British archaeologist whose excavation of the ancient Sumerian city of Ur (in modern Iraq) greatly advanced knowledge of ancient Mesopotamian civilization. His… …   Universalium

  • Sir Leonard Woolley — noun English archaeologist who supervised the excavations at Ur (1880 1960) • Syn: ↑Woolley, ↑Sir Charles Leonard Woolley • Instance Hypernyms: ↑archeologist, ↑archaeologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Woolley — noun English archaeologist who supervised the excavations at Ur (1880 1960) • Syn: ↑Sir Leonard Woolley, ↑Sir Charles Leonard Woolley • Instance Hypernyms: ↑archeologist, ↑archaeologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Leonard Woolley — (right) and T. E …   Wikipedia

  • Leonard Woolley — Leonard Wooley (rechts) und T. E. Lawrence in Carchemish, Frühling 1913 Sir Charles Leonard Woolley (* 17. April 1880 in London; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leonard Woolley — (derecha) y T. E. Lawrence en Karkemish, Siria (1913) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Woolley, Charles Leonard — (1880 1960)    A noted British archaeologist who became one of the giants of Assyriology and Near Eastern studies and made some of the most sensational discoveries in the history of archaeology. Born in London, Woolley attended New College,… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Woolley — biographical name Sir Charles Leonard 1880 1960 English archaeologist …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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