(reigned 321–301 B.C.)
   Macedonian general, chief of cavalry of Alexanderthe Great, satrap of Phrygia, and later king. In the aftermath of Alexander’s death, he competed with the other generals for a share in the succession. Antigonus managed to dislodge Seleucus I from Babylon, and for four years (312–308) they engaged in bitter warfare that ravaged the country. Antigonus’s brutal behavior toward the Babylonian population was described in the Babylonian Chronicles. He was finally defeated by Seleucus and at 81 years of age was killed in the battle at Ipsus in Phrygia.

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. . 2012.

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  • ALEXANDER THE GREAT — (fl. 356–321 B.C.)    Macedonian conqueror, son of Philip II of Macedon. He set out to challenge the supremacy of the Achaemenid Persians in Ionia and ended up with an empire that for the first time in history linked Europe with Western and… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

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